|The Book of Enoch
From-The Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha of the Old Testament
Section I. Chapters I-XXXVI
I-V. Parable of Enoch on the Future Lot of the Wicked and the Righteous.
1The words of the blessing of Enoch, wherewith he blessed the elect and righteous, who will be
2living in the day of tribulation, when all the wicked and godless are to be removed. And he took up his parable and said --Enoch a righteous man, whose eyes were opened by God, saw the vision of the Holy One in the heavens, which the angels showed me, and from them I heard everything, and from them I understood as I saw, but not for this generation, but for a remote one which is
3for to come. Concerning the elect I said, and took up my parable concerning them: The Holy Great One will come forth from His dwelling,
4And the eternal God will tread upon the earth, (even) on Mount
5And all shall be smitten with fear
6And the high mountains shall be shaken,
7And the earth shall be wholly rent in sunder,
8But with the righteous He will make peace,
And they shall all belong to God,
And He will help them all,
9And behold! He cometh with ten thousands of His holy ones
And to convict all flesh
1Observe ye everything that takes place in the heaven, how they do not change their orbits, and the luminaries which are in the heaven, how they all rise and set in order each in its season, and
2transgress not against their appointed order. Behold ye the earth, and give heed to the things which take place upon it from first to last, how steadfast they are, how none of the things upon earth
3change, but all the works of God appear to you. Behold the summer and the winter, how the whole earth is filled with water, and clouds and dew and rain lie upon it.
Observe and see how (in the winter) all the trees seem as though they had withered and shed all their leaves, except fourteen trees, which do not lose their foliage but retain the old foliage from two to three years till the new comes.
And again, observe ye the days of summer how the sun is above the earth over against it. And you seek shade and shelter by reason of the heat of the sun, and the earth also burns with glowing heat, and so you cannot tread on the earth, or on a rock by reason of its heat.
1Observe ye how the trees cover themselves with green leaves and bear fruit: wherefore give ye heed and know with regard to all His works, and recognize how He that liveth for ever hath made them so.
2And all His works go on thus from year to year for ever, and all the tasks which they accomplish for Him, and their tasks change not, but according as God hath ordained so is it done.
3And behold how the sea and the rivers in like manner accomplish and change not their tasks from His commandments'.
4But ye --ye have not been steadfast, nor done the commandments of
5Therefore shall ye execrate your days,
6aIn those days ye shall make your names an eternal execration unto all the righteous,
bAnd by you shall all who curse, curse,
7cAnd for you the godless there shall be a curse.
6dAnd all the ... shall rejoice,
eAnd there shall be forgiveness of sins,
fAnd every mercy and peace and forbearance:
gThere shall be salvation unto them, a goodly light.
iAnd for all of you sinners there shall be no salvation,
jBut on you all shall abide a curse.
7aBut for the elect there shall be light and joy and peace,
bAnd they shall inherit the earth.
8And then there shall be bestowed upon the elect wisdom,
9And they shall not again transgress,
And their lives shall be increased in peace,
VI-XI. The Fall of the Angels: the Demoralization of Mankind: the Intercession of the Angels on behalf of Mankind. The Dooms pronounced by God on the Angels of the Messianic Kingdom-- (a Noah fragment).
1And it came to pass when the children of men had multiplied that in those days were born unto
2them beautiful and comely daughters. And the angels, the children of the heaven, saw and lusted after them, and said to one another: 'Come, let us choose us wives from among the children of men
3and beget us children.' And Semjâzâ, who was their leader, said unto them: 'I fear ye will not
4indeed agree to do this deed, and I alone shall have to pay the penalty of a great sin.' And they all answered him and said: 'Let us all swear an oath, and all bind ourselves by mutual imprecations
5not to abandon this plan but to do this thing.' Then sware they all together and bound themselves
6by mutual imprecations upon it. And they were in all two hundred; who descended in the days of Jared on the summit of Mount Hermon, and they called it Mount Hermon, because they had sworn
7and bound themselves by mutual imprecations upon it. And these are the names of their leaders: Samîazâz, their leader, Arâkîba, Râmêêl, Kôkabîêl, Tâmîêl, Râmîêl, Dânêl, Êzêqêêl, Barâqîjâl,
8Asâêl, Armârôs, Batârêl, Anânêl, Zaqîêl, Samsâpêêl, Satarêl, Tûrêl, Jômjâêl, Sariêl. These are their chiefs of tens.
1And all the others together with them took unto themselves wives, and each chose for himself one, and they began to go in unto them and to defile themselves with them, and they taught them charms
2and enchantments, and the cutting of roots, and made them acquainted with plants. And they
3became pregnant, and they bare great giants, whose height was three thousand ells: Who consumed
4all the acquisitions of men. And when men could no longer sustain them, the giants turned against
5them and devoured mankind. And they began to sin against birds, and beasts, and reptiles, and
6fish, and to devour one another's flesh, and drink the blood. Then the earth laid accusation against the lawless ones.
1And Azâzêl taught men to make swords, and knives, and shields, and breastplates, and made known to them the metals of the earth and the art of working them, and bracelets, and ornaments, and the use of antimony, and the beautifying of the eyelids, and all kinds of costly stones, and all
2colouring tinctures. And there arose much godlessness, and they committed fornication, and they
3were led astray, and became corrupt in all their ways. Semjâzâ taught enchantments, and root-cuttings, 'Armârôs the resolving of enchantments, Barâqîjâl (taught) astrology, Kôkabêl the constellations, Êzêqêêl the knowledge of the clouds, Araqiêl the signs of the earth, Shamsiêl the signs of the sun, and Sariêl the course of the moon. And as men perished, they cried, and their cry went up to heaven...
1And then Michael, Uriel, Raphael, and Gabriel looked down from heaven and saw much blood being
2shed upon the earth, and all lawlessness being wrought upon the earth. And they said one to another: 'The earth made without inhabitant cries the voice of their cryingst up to the gates of heaven.
3And now to you, the holy ones of heaven, the souls of men make their suit, saying, "Bring our cause
4before the Most High."' And they said to the Lord of the ages: 'Lord of lords, God of gods, King of kings, and God of the ages, the throne of Thy glory (standeth) unto all the generations of the
5ages, and Thy name holy and glorious and blessed unto all the ages! Thou hast made all things, and power over all things hast Thou: and all things are naked and open in Thy sight, and Thou seest all
6things, and nothing can hide itself from Thee. Thou seest what Azâzêl hath done, who hath taught all unrighteousness on earth and revealed the eternal secrets which were (preserved) in heaven, which
7men were striving to learn: And Semjâzâ, to whom Thou hast given authority to bear rule over his associates. And they have gone to the daughters of men upon the earth, and have slept with the
9women, and have defiled themselves, and revealed to them all kinds of sins. And the women have
10borne giants, and the whole earth has thereby been filled with blood and unrighteousness. And now, behold, the souls of those who have died are crying and making their suit to the gates of heaven, and their lamentations have ascended: and cannot cease because of the lawless deeds which are 11 wrought on the earth. And Thou knowest all things before they come to pass, and Thou seest these things and Thou dost suffer them, and Thou dost not say to us what we are to do to them in regard to these.'
1Then said the Most High, the Holy and Great One spake, and sent Uriel to the son of Lamech,
2and said to him: 'Go to Noah and tell him in my name "Hide thyself!" and reveal to him the end that is approaching: that the whole earth will be destroyed, and a deluge is about to come
3upon the whole earth, and will destroy all that is on it. And now instruct him that he may escape
4and his seed may be preserved for all the generations of the world.' And again the Lord said to Raphael: 'Bind Azâzêl hand and foot, and cast him into the darkness: and make an opening
5in the desert, which is in Dûdâêl, and cast him therein. And place upon him rough and jagged rocks, and cover him with darkness, and let him abide there for ever, and cover his face that he may 6,7 not see light. And on the day of the great judgement he shall be cast into the fire. And heal the earth which the angels have corrupted, and proclaim the healing of the earth, that they may heal the plague, and that all the children of men may not perish through all the secret things that the
8Watchers have disclosed and have taught their sons. And the whole earth has been corrupted
9through the works that were taught by Azâzêl: to him ascribe all sin.' And to Gabriel said the Lord: 'Proceed against the bastards and the reprobates, and against the children of fornication: and destroy [the children of fornication and] the children of the Watchers from amongst men [and cause them to go forth]: send them one against the other that they may destroy each other in
10battle: for length of days shall they not have. And no request that they (i.e. their fathers) make of thee shall be granted unto their fathers on their behalf; for they hope to live an eternal life, and
11that each one of them will live five hundred years.' And the Lord said unto Michael: 'Go, bind Semjâzâ and his associates who have united themselves with women so as to have defiled themselves
12with them in all their uncleanness. And when their sonshave slain one another, and they have seen the destruction of their beloved ones, bind them fast for seventy generations in the valleys of the earth, till the day of their judgement and of their consummation, till the judgement that is
13for ever and ever is consummated. In those days they shall be led off to the abyss of fire: and
14to the torment and the prison in which they shall be confined for ever. And whosoever shall be condemned and destroyed will from thenceforth be bound together with them to the end of all
15generations. And destroy all the spirits of the reprobate and the children of the Watchers, because
16they have wronged mankind. Destroy all wrong from the face of the earth and let every evil work come to an end: and let the plant of righteousness and truth appear: and it shall prove a blessing; the works of righteousness and truth' shall be planted in truth and joy for evermore.
17And then shall all the righteous escape,
18And then shall the whole earth be tilled in righteousness, and shall all be planted with trees and
19be full of blessing. And all desirable trees shall be planted on it, and they shall plant vines on it: and the vine which they plant thereon shall yield wine in abundance, and as for all the seed which is sown thereon each measure (of it) shall bear a thousand, and each measure of olives shall yield
20ten presses of oil. And cleanse thou the earth from all oppression, and from all unrighteousness, and from all sin, and from all godlessness: and all the uncleanness that is wrought upon the earth
21destroy from off the earth. And all the children of men shall become righteous, and all nations
22shall offer adoration and shall praise Me, and all shall worship Me. And the earth shall be cleansed from all defilement, and from all sin, and from all punishment, and from all torment, and I will never again send (them) upon it from generation to generation and for ever.
1And in those days I will open the store chambers of blessing which are in the heaven, so as to send
2them down upon the earth over the work and labour of the children of men. And truth and peace shall be associated together throughout all the days of the world and throughout all the generations of men.'
XII-XVI. Dream-Vision of Enoch: his Intercession for Azâzêl and the Fallen Angels: and his Announcement of their first and final Doom.
1Before these things Enoch was hidden, and no one of the children of men knew where he was
2hidden, and where he abode, and what had become of him. And his activities had to do with the Watchers, and his days were with the holy ones.
3And I Enoch was blessing the Lord of majesty and the King of the ages, and lo! the Watchers
4called me --Enoch the scribe-- and said to me: 'Enoch, thou scribe of righteousness, go, declare to the Watchers of the heaven who have left the high heaven, the holy eternal place, and have defiled themselves with women, and have done as the children of earth do, and have taken unto themselves
5wives: "Ye have wrought great destruction on the earth: And ye shall have no peace nor forgiveness
6of sin: and inasmuch as they delight themselves in their children, The murder of their beloved ones shall they see, and over the destruction of their children shall they lament, and shall make supplication unto eternity, but mercy and peace shall ye not attain."'
1And Enoch went and said: 'Azâzêl, thou shalt have no peace: a severe sentence has gone forth
2against thee to put thee in bonds: And thou shalt not have toleration nor request granted to thee, because of the unrighteousness which thou hast taught, and because of all the works of godlessness
3and unrighteousness and sin which thou hast shown to men.' Then I went and spoke to them all
4together, and they were all afraid, and fear and trembling seized them. And they besought me to draw up a petition for them that they might find forgiveness, and to read their petition in the presence
5of the Lord of heaven. For from thenceforward they could not speak (with Him) nor lift up their
6eyes to heaven for shame of their sins for which they had been condemned. Then I wrote out their petition, and the prayer in regard to their spirits and their deeds individually and in regard to their
7requests that they should have forgiveness and length. And I went off and sat down at the waters of Dan, in the land of Dan, to the south of the west of Hermon: I read their petition till I fell
8asleep. And behold a dream came to me, and visions fell down upon me, and I saw visions of chastisement, and a voice came bidding (me) to tell it to the sons of heaven, and reprimand them.
9And when I awaked, I came unto them, and they were all sitting gathered together, weeping in
10'Abelsjâîl, which is between Lebanon and Sênêsêr, with their faces covered. And I recounted before them all the visions which I had seen in sleep, and I began to speak the words of righteousness, and to reprimand the heavenly Watchers.
1The book of the words of righteousness, and of the reprimand of the eternal Watchers in accordance
2with the command of the Holy Great One in that vision. I saw in my sleep what I will now say with a tongue of flesh and with the breath of my mouth: which the Great One has given to men to
3converse therewith and understand with the heart. As He has created and given to man the power of understanding the word of wisdom, so hath He created me also and given me the power of reprimanding
4the Watchers, the children of heaven. I wrote out your petition, and in my vision it appeared thus, that your petition will not be granted unto you throughout all the days of eternity, and that judgement
5has been finally passed upon you: yea (your petition) will not be granted unto you. And from henceforth you shall not ascend into heaven unto all eternity, and in bonds of the earth the decree
6has gone forth to bind you for all the days of the world. And (that) previously you shall have seen the destruction of your beloved sons and ye shall have no pleasure in them, but they shall fall before
7you by the sword. And your petition on their behalf shall not be granted, nor yet on your own: even though you weep and pray and speak all the words contained in the writing which I have
8written. And the vision was shown to me thus: Behold, in the vision clouds invited me and a mist summoned me, and the course of the stars and the lightnings sped and hastened me, and the winds in
9the vision caused me to fly and lifted me upward, and bore me into heaven. And I went in till I drew nigh to a wall which is built of crystals and surrounded by tongues of fire: and it began to affright
10me. And I went into the tongues of fire and drew nigh to a large house which was built of crystals: and the walls of the house were like a tesselated floor (made) of crystals, and its groundwork was
11of crystal. Its ceiling was like the path of the stars and the lightnings, and between them were
12fiery cherubim, and their heaven was (clear as) water. A flaming fire surrounded the walls, and its
13portals blazed with fire. And I entered into that house, and it was hot as fire and cold as ice: there
14were no delights of life therein: fear covered me, and trembling gat hold upon me. And as I quaked
15and trembled, I fell upon my face. And I beheld a vision, And lo! there was a second house, greater
16than the former, and the entire portal stood open before me, and it was built of flames of fire. And in every respect it so excelled in splendour and magnificence and extent that I cannot describe to
17you its splendour and its extent. And its floor was of fire, and above it were lightnings and the path
18of the stars, and its ceiling also was flaming fire. And I looked and saw therein a lofty throne: its appearance was as crystal, and the wheels thereof as the shining sun, and there was the vision of
19cherubim. And from underneath the throne came streams of flaming fire so that I could not look
20thereon. And the Great Glory sat thereon, and His raiment shone more brightly than the sun and
21was whiter than any snow. None of the angels could enter and could behold His face by reason
22of the magnificence and glory and no flesh could behold Him. The flaming fire was round about Him, and a great fire stood before Him, and none around could draw nigh Him: ten thousand times
23ten thousand (stood) before Him, yet He needed no counselor. And the most holy ones who were
24nigh to Him did not leave by night nor depart from Him. And until then I had been prostrate on my face, trembling: and the Lord called me with His own mouth, and said to me: 'Come hither,
25Enoch, and hear my word.' And one of the holy ones came to me and waked me, and He made me rise up and approach the door: and I bowed my face downwards.
1And He answered and said to me, and I heard His voice: 'Fear not, Enoch, thou righteous
2man and scribe of righteousness: approach hither and hear my voice. And go, say to the Watchers of heaven, who have sent thee to intercede for them: "You should intercede" for men, and not men
3for you: Wherefore have ye left the high, holy, and eternal heaven, and lain with women, and defiled yourselves with the daughters of men and taken to yourselves wives, and done like the children
4of earth, and begotten giants (as your) sons? And though ye were holy, spiritual, living the eternal life, you have defiled yourselves with the blood of women, and have begotten (children) with the blood of flesh, and, as the children of men, have lusted after flesh and blood as those also do who die 5 and perish. Therefore have I given them wives also that they might impregnate them, and beget
6children by them, that thus nothing might be wanting to them on earth. But you were formerly
7spiritual, living the eternal life, and immortal for all generations of the world. And therefore I have not appointed wives for you; for as for the spiritual ones of the heaven, in heaven is their dwelling.
8And now, the giants, who are produced from the spirits and flesh, shall be called evil spirits upon
9the earth, and on the earth shall be their dwelling. Evil spirits have proceeded from their bodies; because they are born from men and from the holy Watchers is their beginning and primal origin;
10they shall be evil spirits on earth, and evil spirits shall they be called. [As for the spirits of heaven, in heaven shall be their dwelling, but as for the spirits of the earth which were born upon the earth, on the earth shall be their dwelling.] And the spirits of the giants afflict, oppress, destroy, attack, do battle, and work destruction on the earth, and cause trouble: they take no food, but nevertheless
12hunger and thirst, and cause offences. And these spirits shall rise up against the children of men and against the women, because they have proceeded from them.
1From the days of the slaughter and destruction and death of the giants, from the souls of whose flesh the spirits, having gone forth, shall destroy without incurring judgement --thus shall they destroy until the day of the consummation, the great judgement in which the age shall be
2consummated, over the Watchers and the godless, yea, shall be wholly consummated." And now as to the watchers who have sent thee to intercede for them, who had been aforetime in heaven, (say
3to them): "You have been in heaven, but all the mysteries had not yet been revealed to you, and you knew worthless ones, and these in the hardness of your hearts you have made known to the women, and through these mysteries women and men work much evil on earth."
4Say to them therefore: "You have no peace."'
XVII-XXXVI. Enoch's Journeys through the Earth and Sheol.
XVII-XIX. The First Journey.
1And they took and brought me to a place in which those who were there were like flaming fire,
2and, when they wished, they appeared as men. And they brought me to the place of darkness, and to a mountain the point of whose summit reached to heaven. And I saw the places of the luminaries and the treasuries of the stars and of the thunder and in the uttermost depths, where were
4a fiery bow and arrows and their quiver, and a fiery sword and all the lightnings. And they took
5me to the living waters, and to the fire of the west, which receives every setting of the sun. And I came to a river of fire in which the fire flows like water and discharges itself into the great sea towards
6the west. I saw the great rivers and came to the great river and to the great darkness, and went
7to the place where no flesh walks. I saw the mountains of the darkness of winter and the place
8whence all the waters of the deep flow. I saw the mouths of all the rivers of the earth and the mouth of the deep.
1I saw the treasuries of all the winds: I saw how He had furnished with them the whole creation
2and the firm foundations of the earth. And I saw the corner-stone of the earth: I saw the four
3winds which bear [the earth and] the firmament of the heaven. And I saw how the winds stretch out the vaults of heaven, and have their station between heaven and earth: these are the pillars
4of the heaven. I saw the winds of heaven which turn and bring the circumference of the sun and
5all the stars to their setting. I saw the winds on the earth carrying the clouds: I saw the paths
6of the angels. I saw at the end of the earth the firmament of the heaven above. And I proceeded and saw a place which burns day and night, where there are seven mountains of magnificent stones,
7three towards the east, and three towards the south. And as for those towards the east, one was of coloured stone, and one of pearl, and one of jacinth, and those towards the south of red stone.
8But the middle one reached to heaven like the throne of God, of alabaster, and the summit of the
9,10throne was of sapphire. And I saw a flaming fire. And beyond these mountains Is a region the end of the great earth: there the heavens were completed. And I saw a deep abyss, with columns of heavenly fire, and among them I saw columns of fire fall, which were beyond measure alike towards
12the height and towards the depth. And beyond that abyss I saw a place which had no firmament of the heaven above, and no firmly founded earth beneath it: there was no water upon it, and no
13birds, but it was a waste and horrible place. I saw there seven stars like great burning mountains,
14and to me, when I inquired regarding them, The angel said: 'This place is the end of heaven and
15earth: this has become a prison for the stars and the host of heaven. And the stars which roll over the fire are they which have transgressed the commandment of the Lord in the beginning of
16their rising, because they did not come forth at their appointed times. And He was wroth with them, and bound them till the time when their guilt should be consummated (even) for ten thousand years.'
1And Uriel said to me: 'Here shall stand the angels who have connected themselves with women, and their spirits assuming many different forms are defiling mankind and shall lead them astray into sacrificing to demons as gods, (here shall they stand,) till the day of the great judgement in
2which they shall be judged till they are made an end of. And the women also of the angels who
3went astray shall become sirens.' And I, Enoch, alone saw the vision, the ends of all things: and no man shall see as I have seen.
XX. Names and Functions of the Seven Archangels.
1,2And these are the names of the holy angels who watch. Uriel, one of the holy angels, who is
3over the world and over Tartarus. Raphael, one of the holy angels, who is over the spirits of men.
4,5Raguel, one of the holy angels who takes vengeance on the world of the luminaries. Michael, one
6of the holy angels, to wit, he that is set over the best part of mankind and over chaos. Saraqâêl,
7one of the holy angels, who is set over the spirits, who sin in the spirit. Gabriel, one of the holy
8angels, who is over Paradise and the serpents and the Cherubim. Remiel, one of the holy angels, whom God set over those who rise.
XXI-XXXVI. The Second Journey of Enoch.
XXI. Preliminary and final Place of Punishment of the fallen Angels (stars).
1,2And I proceeded to where things were chaotic. And I saw there something horrible: I saw neither
3a heaven above nor a firmly founded earth, but a place chaotic and horrible. And there I saw
4seven stars of the heaven bound together in it, like great mountains and burning with fire. Then
5I said: 'For what sin are they bound, and on what account have they been cast in hither?' Then said Uriel, one of the holy angels, who was with me, and was chief over them, and said: 'Enoch, why
6dost thou ask, and why art thou eager for the truth? These are of the number of the stars of heaven, which have transgressed the commandment of the Lord, and are bound here till ten thousand years,
7the time entailed by their sins, are consummated.' And from thence I went to another place, which was still more horrible than the former, and I saw a horrible thing: a great fire there which burnt and blazed, and the place was cleft as far as the abyss, being full of great descending columns of
8fire: neither its extent or magnitude could I see, nor could I conjecture. Then I said: 'How
9fearful is the place and how terrible to look upon!' Then Uriel answered me, one of the holy angels who was with me, and said unto me: 'Enoch, why hast thou such fear and affright?' And
10I answered: 'Because of this fearful place, and because of the spectacle of the pain.' And he said unto me: 'This place is the prison of the angels, and here they will be imprisoned for ever.'
XXII. Sheol or the Underworld.
1And thence I went to another place, and he mountain [and] of hard rock.
2And there was in it four hollow places, deep and wide and very smooth. How smooth are the hollow places and deep and dark to look at.
3Then Raphael answered, one of the holy angels who was with me, and said unto me: 'These hollow places have been created for this very purpose, that the spirits of the souls of the dead should
4assemble therein, yea that all the souls of the children of men should assemble here. And these places have been made to receive them till the day of their judgement and till their appointed period [till the period appointed], till the great judgement (comes) upon them.' I saw (the spirit of) a dead man making suit,
5and his voice went forth to heaven and made suit. And I asked Raphael the angel who was
6with me, and I said unto him: 'This spirit which maketh suit, whose is it, whose voice goeth forth and maketh suit to heaven?'
7And he answered me saying: 'This is the spirit which went forth from Abel, whom his brother Cain slew, and he makes his suit against him till his seed is destroyed from the face of the earth, and his seed is annihilated from amongst the seed of men.'
8The I asked regarding it, and regarding all the hollow places: 'Why is one separated from the other?'
9And he answered me and said unto me: 'These three have been made that the spirits of the dead might be separated. And such a division has been make (for) the spirits of the righteous, in which there is the bright spring of
10water. And such has been made for sinners when they die and are buried in the earth and judgement has not been executed on them in their
11lifetime. Here their spirits shall be set apart in this great pain till the great day of judgement and punishment and torment of those who curse for ever and retribution for their spirits. There
12He shall bind them for ever. And such a division has been made for the spirits of those who make their suit, who make disclosures concerning their destruction, when they were slain in the days
13of the sinners. Such has been made for the spirits of men who were not righteous but sinners, who were complete in transgression, and of the transgressors they shall be companions: but their spirits shall not be slain in the day of judgement nor shall they be raised from thence.'
14The I blessed the Lord of glory and said: 'Blessed be my Lord, the Lord of righteousness, who ruleth for ever.'
XXIII. The fire that deals with the Luminaries of Heaven.
1,2From thence I went to another place to the west of the ends of the earth. And I saw a burning
3fire which ran without resting, and paused not from its course day or night but (ran) regularly. And
4I asked saying: 'What is this which rests not?' Then Raguel, one of the holy angels who was with me, answered me and said unto me: 'This course of fire which thou hast seen is the fire in the west which persecutes all the luminaries of heaven.'
XXIV-XXV. The Seven Mountains in the North-West and the Tree of Life.
1And from thence I went to another place of the earth, and he showed me a mountain range of
2fire which burnt day and night. And I went beyond it and saw seven magnificent mountains all differing each from the other, and the stones (thereof) were magnificent and beautiful, magnificent as a whole, of glorious appearance and fair exterior: three towards the east, one founded on the other, and three towards the south, one upon the other, and deep rough ravines, no one of which
3joined with any other. And the seventh mountain was in the midst of these, and it excelled them
4in height, resembling the seat of a throne: and fragrant trees encircled the throne. And amongst them was a tree such as I had never yet smelt, neither was any amongst them nor were others like it: it had a fragrance beyond all fragrance, and its leaves and blooms and wood wither not for ever:
5and its fruit is beautiful, and its fruit n resembles the dates of a palm. Then I said: 'How beautiful is this tree, and fragrant, and its leaves are fair, and its blooms very delightful in appearance.'
6Then answered Michael, one of the holy and honoured angels who was with me, and was their leader.
1And he said unto me: 'Enoch, why dost thou ask me regarding the fragrance of the tree,
2and why dost thou wish to learn the truth?' Then I answered him saying: 'I wish to
3know about everything, but especially about this tree.' And he answered saying: 'This high mountain which thou hast seen, whose summit is like the throne of God, is His throne, where the Holy Great One, the Lord of Glory, the Eternal King, will sit, when He shall come down to visit
4the earth with goodness. And as for this fragrant tree no mortal is permitted to touch it till the great judgement, when He shall take vengeance on all and bring (everything) to its consummation
5for ever. It shall then be given to the righteous and holy. Its fruit shall be for food to the elect: it shall be transplanted to the holy place, to the temple of the Lord, the Eternal King.
6Then shall they rejoice with joy and be glad,
And in their days shall no sorrow or plague
7Then blessed I the God of Glory, the Eternal King, who hath prepared such things for the righteous, and hath created them and promised to give to them.
XXVI. Jerusalem and the Mountains, Ravines, and Streams.
1And I went from thence to the middle of the earth, and I saw a blessed place in which there were
2trees with branches abiding and blooming [of a dismembered tree]. And there I saw a holy mountain,
3and underneath the mountain to the east there was a stream and it flowed towards the south. And I saw towards the east another mountain higher than this, and between them a deep and narrow
4ravine: in it also ran a stream underneath the mountain. And to the west thereof there was another mountain, lower than the former and of small elevation, and a ravine deep and dry between
5them: and another deep and dry ravine was at the extremities of the three mountains. And all the ravines were deep rand narrow, (being formed) of hard rock, and trees were not planted upon
6them. And I marveled at the rocks, and I marveled at the ravine, yea, I marveled very much.
XXVII. The Purpose of the Accursed Valley.
1Then said I: 'For what object is this blessed land, which is entirely filled with trees, and this
2accursed valley between?' Then Uriel, one of the holy angels who was with me, answered and said: 'This accursed valley is for those who are accursed for ever: Here shall all the accursed be gathered together who utter with their lips against the Lord unseemly words and of His glory speak hard things. Here shall they be gathered together, and here
3shall be their place of judgement. In the last days there shall be upon them the spectacle of righteous judgement in the presence of the righteous for ever: here shall the merciful bless the Lord of glory, the Eternal King.
4In the days of judgement over the former, they shall bless Him for the mercy in accordance with
5which He has assigned them (their lot).' Then I blessed the Lord of Glory and set forth His glory and lauded Him gloriously.
XXVIII-XXXIII. Further Journey to the East.
1And thence I went towards the east, into the midst of the mountain range of the desert, and
2I saw a wilderness and it was solitary, full of trees and plants. And water gushed forth from
3above. Rushing like a copious watercourse [which flowed] towards the north-west it caused clouds and dew to ascend on every side.
1And thence I went to another place in the desert, and approached to the east of this mountain
2range. And there I saw aromatic trees exhaling the fragrance of frankincense and myrrh, and the trees also were similar to the almond tree.
1,2And beyond these, I went afar to the east, and I saw another place, a valley (full) of water. And
3therein there was a tree, the colour (?) of fragrant trees such as the mastic. And on the sides of those valleys I saw fragrant cinnamon. And beyond these I proceeded to the east.
1And I saw other mountains, and amongst them were groves of trees, and there flowed forth from
2them nectar, which is named sarara and galbanum. And beyond these mountains I saw another mountain to the east of the ends of the earth, whereon were aloe-trees, and all the trees were full
3of stacte, being like almond-trees. And when one burnt it, it smelt sweeter than any fragrant odour.
1And after these fragrant odours, as I looked towards the north over the mountains I saw seven mountains full of choice nard and fragrant trees and cinnamon and pepper.
2And thence I went over the summits of all these mountains, far towards the east of the earth, and passed above the Erythraean sea and went far from it, and passed over the angel Zotiel. And I came to the Garden of Righteousness,
3I and from afar off trees more numerous than I these trees and great-two trees there, very great, beautiful, and glorious, and magnificent, and the tree of knowledge, whose holy fruit they eat and know great wisdom.
4That tree is in height like the fir, and its leaves are like (those of) the Carob tree: and its fruit
5is like the clusters of the vine, very beautiful: and the fragrance of the tree penetrates afar. Then
6I said: 'How beautiful is the tree, and how attractive is its look!' Then Raphael the holy angel, who was with me, answered me and said: 'This is the tree of wisdom, of which thy father old (in years) and thy aged mother, who were before thee, have eaten, and they learnt wisdom and their eyes were opened, and they knew that they were naked and they were driven out of the garden.'
1And from thence I went to the ends of the earth and saw there great beasts, and each differed from the other; and (I saw) birds also differing in appearance and beauty and voice, the one differing from the other. And to the east of those beasts I saw the ends of the earth whereon the heaven
2rests, and the portals of the heaven open. And I saw how the stars of heaven come forth, and
3I counted the portals out of which they proceed, and wrote down all their outlets, of each individual star by itself, according to their number and their names, their courses and their positions, and their
4times and their months, as Uriel the holy angel who was with me showed me. He showed all things to me and wrote them down for me: also their names he wrote for me, and their laws and their companies.
XXXIV-XXXV. Enoch's Journey to the North.
1And from thence I went towards the north to the ends of the earth, and there I saw a great and
2glorious device at the ends of the whole earth. And here I saw three portals of heaven open in the heaven: through each of them proceed north winds: when they blow there is cold, hail, frost,
3snow, dew, and rain. And out of one portal they blow for good: but when they blow through the other two portals, it is with violence and affliction on the earth, and they blow with violence.
1And from thence I went towards the west to the ends of the earth, and saw there three portals of the heaven open such as I had seen in the east, the same number of portals, and the same number of outlets.
XXXVI. The Journey to the South.
1And from thence I went to the south to the ends of the earth, and saw there three open portals
2of the heaven: and thence there come dew, rain, and wind. And from thence I went to the east to the ends of the heaven, and saw here the three eastern portals of heaven open and small portals
3above them. Through each of these small portals pass the stars of heaven and run their course to the west on the path which is shown to them. And as often as I saw I blessed always the Lord of Glory, and I continued to bless the Lord of Glory who has wrought great and glorious wonders, to show the greatness of His work to the angels and to spirits and to men, that they might praise His work and all His creation: that they might see the work of His might and praise the great work of His hands and bless Him for ever.
Section II. Chapters XXXVII-LXXI
1The second vision which he saw, the vision of wisdom -which Enoch the son of Jared, the son
2of Mahalalel, the son of Cainan, the son of Enos, the son of Seth, the son of Adam, saw. And this is the beginning of the words of wisdom which I lifted up my voice to speak and say to those which dwell on earth: Hear, ye men of old time, and see, ye that come after, the words of the Holy
3One which I will speak before the Lord of Spirits. It were better to declare (them only) to the men of old time, but even from those that come after we will not withhold the beginning of wisdom.
4Till the present day such wisdom has never been given by the Lord of Spirits as I have received according to my insight, according to the good pleasure of the Lord of Spirits by whom the lot of
5eternal life has been given to me. Now three Parables were imparted to me, and I lifted up my voice and recounted them to those that dwell on the earth.
XXXVIII-XLIV. The First Parable.
XXXVIII. The Coming Judgement of the Wicked.
1The first Parable.
When the congregation of the righteous shall appear,
2And when the Righteous One shall appear before the eyes of the
Where then will be the dwelling of the sinners,
And where the resting-place of those who have denied the Lord of
3When the secrets of the righteous shall be revealed and the sinners
4From that time those that possess the earth shall no longer be
powerful and exalted:
5Then shall the kings and the mighty perish
6And thenceforward none shall seek for themselves mercy from the Lord
XXXIX. The Abode of the Righteous and the Elect One: the Praises of the Blessed.
1[And it shall come to pass in those days that elect and holy children will descend from the
2high heaven, and their seed will become one with the children of men. And in those days Enoch received books of zeal and wrath, and books of disquiet and expulsion.]
And mercy shall not be accorded to them, saith the Lord of Spirits.
3And in those days a whirlwind carried me off from the earth,
4And there I saw another vision, the dwelling-places of the holy,
5Here mine eyes saw their dwellings with His righteous angels,
And they petitioned and interceded and prayed for the children of
And mercy like dew upon the earth:
6aAnd in that place mine eyes saw the Elect One of righteousness and of faith,
7aAnd I saw his dwelling-place under the wings of the Lord of Spirits.
6bAnd righteousness shall prevail in his days,
7bAnd all the righteous and elect before Him shall be strong as fiery
And their lips extolthe name of the Lord of Spirits,
8There I wished to dwell,
And there heretofore hath been my portion,
9In those days I praised and extolled the name of the Lord of Spirits with blessings and praises, because He hath destined me for blessing and glory according to the good pleasure of the Lord of
10Spirits. For a long time my eyes regarded that place, and I blessed Him and praised Him, saying: 'Blessed is He, and may He be blessed from the beginning and for evermore. And before Him there is no ceasing. He knows before the world was created what is for ever and what will be from
12generation unto generation. Those who sleep not bless Thee: they stand before Thy glory and bless, praise, and extol, saying: "Holy, holy, holy, is the Lord of Spirits: He filleth the earth with
13spirits."' And here my eyes saw all those who sleep not: they stand before Him and bless and say:
14'Blessed be Thou, and blessed be the name of the Lord for ever and ever.' And my face was changed; for I could no longer behold.
XL-XLI. 2. The Four Archangels.
1And after that I saw thousands of thousands and ten thousand times ten thousand, I saw a multitude
2beyond number and reckoning, who stood before the Lord of Spirits. And on the four sides of the Lord of Spirits I saw four presences, different from those that sleep not, and I learnt their names: for the angel that went with me made known to me their names, and showed me all the hidden things.
3And I heard the voices of those four presences as they uttered praises before the Lord of glory. 4,5 The first voice blesses the Lord of Spirits for ever and ever. And the second voice I heard blessing
6the Elect One and the elect ones who hang upon the Lord of Spirits. And the third voice I heard pray and intercede for those who dwell on the earth and supplicate in the name of the Lord of Spirits.
7And I heard the fourth voice fending off the Satans and forbidding them to come before the Lord
8of Spirits to accuse them who dwell on the earth. After that I asked the angel of peace who went with me, who showed me everything that is hidden: 'Who are these four presences which I have
9seen and whose words I have heard and written down?' And he said to me: 'This first is Michael, the merciful and long-suffering: and the second, who is set over all the diseases and all the wounds of the children of men, is Raphael: and the third, who is set over all the powers, is Gabriel: and the fourth, who is set over the repentance unto hope of those who inherit eternal life, is named Phanuel.'
10And these are the four angels of the Lord of Spirits and the four voices I heard in those days.
XLI. 3-9. Astronomical Secrets.
1And after that I saw all the secrets of the heavens, and how the kingdom is divided, and how the
2actions of men are weighed in the balance. And there I saw the mansions of the elect and the mansions of the holy, and mine eyes saw there all the sinners being driven from thence which deny the name of the Lord of Spirits, and being dragged off: and they could not abide because of the punishment which proceeds from the Lord of Spirits. 3 And there mine eyes saw the secrets of the lightning and of the thunder, and the secrets of the winds, how they are divided to blow over the earth, and the secrets of the clouds and dew, and there
4I saw from whence they proceed in that place and from whence they saturate the dusty earth. And there I saw closed chambers out of which the winds are divided, the chamber of the hail and winds, the chamber of the mist, and of the clouds, and the cloud thereof hovers over the earth from the
5beginning of the world. And I saw the chambers of the sun and moon, whence they proceed and whither they come again, and their glorious return, and how one is superior to the other, and their stately orbit, and how they do not leave their orbit, and they add nothing to their orbit and they take nothing from it, and they keep faith with each other, in accordance with the oath by which they 6 are bound together. And first the sun goes forth and traverses his path according to the commandment
7of the Lord of Spirits, and mighty is His name for ever and ever. And after that I saw the hidden and the visible path of the moon, and she accomplishes the course of her path in that place by day and by night-the one holding a position opposite to the other before the Lord of Spirits.
And they give thanks and praise and rest not;
8For the sun changes oft for a blessing or a curse,
9For no angel hinders and no power is able to hinder; for He appoints a judge for them all and He judges them all before Him.
XLII. The Dwelling-places of Wisdom and of Unrighteousness.
1Wisdom found no place where she might dwell;
2Wisdom went forth to make her dwelling among the children of men,
Wisdom returned to her place,
3And unrighteousness went forth from her chambers:
As rain in a desert
XLIII-XLIV. Astronomical Secrets.
1And I saw other lightnings and the stars of heaven, and I saw how He called them all by their
2names and they hearkened unto Him. And I saw how they are weighed in a righteous balance according to their proportions of light: (I saw) the width of their spaces and the day of their appearing, and how their revolution produces lightning: and (I saw) their revolution according to the
3number of the angels, and (how) they keep faith with each other. And I asked the angel who went
4with me who showed me what was hidden: 'What are these?' And he said to me: 'The Lord of Spirits hath showed thee their parabolic meaning (lit. 'their parable'): these are the names of the holy who dwell on the earth and believe in the name of the Lord of Spirits for ever and ever.'
1Also another phenomenon I saw in regard to the lightnings: how some of the stars arise and become lightnings and cannot part with their new form.
XLV-LVII. The Second Parable.
XLV. The Lot of the Apostates: the New Heaven and the New Earth.
1And this is the second Parable concerning those who deny the name of the dwelling of the holy ones and the Lord of Spirits.
2And into the heaven they shall not ascend,
3On that day Mine Elect One shall sit on the throne of glory
And their souls shall grow strong within them when they see Mine
4Then will I cause Mine Elect One to dwell among them.
And I will transform the heaven and make it an eternal blessing and light
5And I will transform the earth and make it a blessing:
And I will cause Mine elect ones to dwell upon it:
6For I have provided and satisfied with peace My righteous ones
But for the sinners there is judgement impending with Me,
XLVI. The Head of Days and the Son of Man.
1And there I saw One who had a head of days,
2And I asked the angel who went with me and showed me all the hidden things, concerning that
3Son of Man, who he was, and whence he was, (and) why he went with
the Head of Days? And he answered and said unto me:
Because the Lord of Spirits hath chosen him,
4And this Son of Man whom thou hast seen
5[And he shall put down the kings from their thrones and kingdoms]
6And he shall put down the countenance of the strong,
And darkness shall be their dwelling,
7And these are they who judge the stars of heaven,
8And they persecute the houses of His congregations,
XLVII. The Prayer of the Righteous for Vengeance and their Joy at its coming.
1And in those days shall have ascended the prayer of the righteous,
2In those days the holy ones who dwell above in the heavens
3In those days I saw the Head of Days when He seated himself upon the
throne of His glory,
4And the hearts of the holy were filled with joy;
XLVIII. The Fount of Righteousness: the Son of Man -the Stay of the Righteous: Judgement of the Kings and the Mighty.
1And in that place I saw the fountain of righteousness
2And at that hour that Son of Man was named
3Yea, before the sun and the signs were created,
4He shall be a staff to the righteous whereon to stay themselves and
5All who dwell on earth shall fall down and worship before him,
6And for this reason hath he been chosen and hidden before Him,
7And the wisdom of the Lord of Spirits hath revealed him to the holy
8In these days downcast in countenance shall the kings of the earth
9And I will give them over into the hands of Mine elect:
10And on the day of their affliction there shall be rest on the
XLIX. The Power and Wisdom of the Elect One.
1For wisdom is poured out like water,
2For he is mighty in all the secrets of righteousness,
3And in him dwells the spirit of wisdom,
4And he shall judge the secret things,
L. The Glorification and Victory of the Righteous: the Repentance of the Gentiles.
1And in those days a change shall take place for the holy and elect,
2On the day of affliction on which evil shall have been treasured up against the sinners.
And the righteous shall be victorious in the name of the Lord of
3They shall have no honour through the name of the Lord of Spirits,
4And He is righteous also in His judgement,
5And from henceforth I will have no mercy on them, saith the Lord of Spirits.
LI. The Resurrection of the Dead, and the Separation by the Judge of the Righteous and the Wicked.
1And in those days shall the earth also give back that which has been
entrusted to it,
5aFor in those days the Elect One shall arise,
2And he shall choose the righteous and holy from among them:
3And the Elect One shall in those days sit on My throne,
4And in those days shall the mountains leap like rams,
5bAnd the earth shall rejoice,
cAnd the righteous shall dwell upon it,
dAnd the elect shall walk thereon.
LII. The Seven Metal Mountains and the Elect One.
l And after those days in that place where I had seen all the visions of that which is hidden -for
2I had been carried off in a whirlwind and they had borne me towards the west -There mine eyes saw all the secret things of heaven that shall be, a mountain of iron, and a mountain of copper, and a mountain of silver, and a mountain of gold, and a mountain of soft metal, and a mountain of lead.
3And I asked the angel who went with me, saying, 'What things are these which I have seen in
4secret?' And he said unto me: 'All these things which thou hast seen shall serve the dominion of His Anointed that he may be potent and mighty on the earth.'
5And that angel of peace answered, saying unto me: 'Wait a little, and there shall be revealed unto thee all the secret things which surround the Lord of Spirits.
6And these mountains which thine eyes have seen,
7And it shall come to pass in those days that none shall be saved,
8And there shall be no iron for war,
9And all these things shall be [denied and] destroyed from the
surface of the earth,
LIII-LIV. The Valley of Judgement: the Angels of Punishment: the Communities of the Elect One.
1There mine eyes saw a deep valley with open mouths, and all who dwell on the earth and sea and islands shall bring to him gifts and presents and tokens of homage, but that deep valley shall not become full.
2And their hands commit lawless deeds,
3For I saw all the angels of punishment abiding (there) and preparing all the instruments of Satan.
4And I asked the angel of peace who went with me: 'For whom are they preparing these Instruments?'
5And he said unto me: 'They prepare these for the kings and the mighty of this earth, that they may thereby be destroyed.
6And after this the Righteous and Elect One shall cause the house of his congregation to appear: henceforth they shall be no more hindered in the name of the Lord of Spirits.
7And these mountains shall not stand as the earth before his
1And I looked and turned to another part of the earth, and saw there a deep valley with burning
2fire. And they brought the kings and the mighty, and began to cast them into this deep valley.
3And there mine eyes saw how they made these their instruments, iron chains of immeasurable weight.
4And I asked the angel of peace who went with me, saying: 'For whom are these chains being prepared?' And he said unto me: 'These are being prepared for the hosts of Azâzêl, so that they may take them and cast them into the abyss of complete condemnation, and they shall cover their jaws with rough stones as the Lord of Spirits commanded.
6And Michael, and Gabriel, and Raphael, and Phanuel shall take hold of them on that great day, and cast them on that day into the burning furnace, that the Lord of Spirits may take vengeance on them for their unrighteousness in becoming subject to Satan and leading astray those who dwell on the earth.'
LIV.7.-LV.2. Noachic Fragment on the first World Judgement.
7And in those days shall punishment come from the Lord of Spirits, and he will open all the chambers of waters which are above the heavens, and of the fountains which are beneath the earth.
8And all the waters shall be joined with the waters: that which is above the heavens is the masculine,
9and the water which is beneath the earth is the feminine. And they shall destroy all who dwell
10on the earth and those who dwell under the ends of the heaven. And when they have recognized their unrighteousness which they have wrought on the earth, then by these shall they perish.
LV.3.-LVI.4. Final Judgement of Azazel, the Watchers and their children.
1And after that the Head of Days repented and said: 'In vain have I destroyed all who dwell
2on the earth.' And He sware by His great name: 'Henceforth I will not do so to all who dwell on the earth, and I will set a sign in the heaven: and this shall be a pledge of good faith between Me and them for ever, so long as heaven is above the earth. And this is in accordance with My command.
3When I have desired to take hold of them by the hand of the angels on the day of tribulation and pain because of this, I will cause My chastisement and My wrath to abide upon them, saith
4God, the Lord of Spirits. Ye mighty kings who dwell on the earth, ye shall have to behold Mine Elect One, how he sits on the throne of glory and judges Azâzêl, and all his associates, and all his hosts in the name of the Lord of Spirits.'
1And I saw there the hosts of the angels of punishment going, and they held scourges and chains
2of iron and bronze. And I asked the angel of peace who went with me, saying: 'To whom are
3these who hold the scourges going?' And he said unto me: 'To their elect and beloved ones, that they may be cast into the chasm of the abyss of the valley.
4And then that valley shall be filled with their elect and beloved,
LVI.5-8. Last Struggle of the Heathen Powers against Israel.
5And in those days the angels shall return
They shall stir up the kings, so that a spirit of unrest shall come
That they may break forth as lions from their lairs,
6And they shall go up and tread under foot the land of His elect ones
7But the city of my righteous shall be a hindrance to their horses.
And they shall begin to fight among themselves,
And a man shall not know his brother,
Till there be no number of the corpses through their slaughter,
8In those days Sheol shall open its jaws,
And their destruction shall be at an end;
LVII. The Return from the Dispersion.
1And it came to pass after this that I saw another host of wagons, and men riding thereon, and
2coming on the winds from the east, and from the west to the south. And the noise of their wagons was heard, and when this turmoil took place the holy ones from heaven remarked it, and the pillars of the earth were moved from their place, and the sound thereof was heard from the one end of heaven
3to the other, in one day. And they shall all fall down and worship the Lord of Spirits. And this is the end of the second Parable.
LVIII-LXXI. The Third Parable.
LVIII. The Blessedness of the Saints.
1And I began to speak the third Parable concerning the righteous and elect.
2Blessed are ye, ye righteous and elect,
3And the righteous shall be in the light of the sun.
4And they shall seek the light and find righteousness with the Lord
5And after this it shall be said to the holy in heaven
6And there shall be a light that never endeth,
LIX. The Lights and the Thunder.
1[In those days mine eyes saw the secrets of the lightnings, and of the lights, and the judgements they execute (lit. 'their judgement'): and they lighten for a blessing or a curse as the Lord of
2Spirits willeth. And there I saw the secrets of the thunder, and how when it resounds above in the heaven, the sound thereof is heard, and he caused me to see the judgements executed on the earth, whether they be for well-being and blessing, or for a curse according to the word of the Lord of Spirits.
3And after that all the secrets of the lights and lightnings were shown to me, and they lighten for blessing and for satisfying.]
Book of Noah -a Fragment
LX. Quaking of the Heaven: Behemoth and Leviathan: the Elements.
1In the year 500, in the seventh month, on the fourteenth day of the month in the life of Enoch. In that Parable I saw how a mighty quaking made the heaven of heavens to quake, and the host of the Most High, and the angels, a thousand thousands and ten thousand times ten thousand, were
2disquieted with a great disquiet. And the Head of Days sat on the throne of His glory, and the angels and the righteous stood around Him.
3And a great trembling seized me,
4And Michael sent another angel from among the holy ones and he raised me up, and when he had raised me up my spirit returned; for I had not been able to endure the look of this host, and the
5commotion and the quaking of the heaven. And Michael said unto me: 'Why art thou disquieted with such a vision? Until this day lasted the day of His mercy; and He hath been merciful and
6long-suffering towards those who dwell on the earth. And when the day, and the power, and the punishment, and the judgement come, which the Lord of Spirits hath prepared for those who worship not the righteous law, and for those who deny the righteous judgement, and for those who take His name in vain-that day is prepared, for the elect a covenant, but for sinners an inquisition.
25When the punishment of the Lord of Spirits shall rest upon them, it shall rest in order that the punishment of the Lord of Spirits may not come, in vain, and it shall slay the children with their mothers and the children with their fathers. Afterwards the judgement shall take place according to His mercy and His patience.'
7And on that day were two monsters parted, a female monster named Leviathan, to dwell in the
8abysses of the ocean over the fountains of the waters. But the male is named Behemoth, who occupied with his breast a waste wilderness named Duidain, on the east of the garden where the elect and righteous dwell, where my grandfather was taken up, the seventh from Adam, the first
9man whom the Lord of Spirits created. And I besought the other angel that he should show me the might of those monsters, how they were parted on one day and cast, the one into the abysses
10of the sea, and the other unto the dry land of the wilderness. And he said to me: 'Thou son of man, herein thou dost seek to know what is hidden.'
11And the other angel who went with me and showed me what was hidden told me what is first and last in the heaven in the height, and beneath the earth in the depth, and at the ends of the
12heaven, and on the foundation of the heaven. And the chambers of the winds, and how the winds are divided, and how they are weighed, and (how) the portals of the winds are reckoned, each according to the power of the wind, and the power of the lights of the moon, and according to the power that is fitting: and the divisions of the stars according to their names, and how all the divisions
13are divided. And the thunders according to the places where they fall, and all the divisions that are made among the lightnings that it may lighten, and their host that they may at once obey.
14For the thunder has places of rest (which) are assigned (to it) while it is waiting for its peal; and the thunder and lightning are inseparable, and although not one and undivided, they both go together
15through the spirit and separate not. For when the lightning lightens, the thunder utters its voice, and the spirit enforces a pause during the peal, and divides equally between them; for the treasury of their peals is like the sand, and each one of them as it peals is held in with a bridle, and turned back by the power of the spirit, and pushed forward according to the many quarters of the earth.
16And the spirit of the sea is masculine and strong, and according to the might of his strength he draws it back with a rein, and in like manner it is driven forward and disperses amid all the mountains
17of the earth. And the spirit of the hoar-frost is his own angel, and the spirit of the hail is a good
18angel. And the spirit of the snow has forsaken his chambers on account of his strength -There is a
19special spirit therein, and that which ascends from it is like smoke, and its name is frost. And the spirit of the mist is not united with them in their chambers, but it has a special chamber; for its course is glorious both in light and in darkness, and in winter and in summer, and in its chamber is an angel.
20And the spirit of the dew has its dwelling at the ends of the heaven, and is connected with the chambers of the rain, and its course is in winter and summer: and its clouds and the clouds of the
21mist are connected, and the one gives to the other. And when the spirit of the rain goes forth from its chamber, the angels come and open the chamber and lead it out, and when it is diffused over the whole earth it unites with the water on the earth. And whensoever it unites with the water on
22the earth... For the waters are for those who dwell on the earth; for they are nourishment for the earth from the Most High who is in heaven: therefore there is a measure for the rain,
23and the angels take it in charge. And these things I saw towards the Garden of the Righteous.
24And the angel of peace who was with me said to me: 'These two monsters, prepared conformably to the greatness of God, shall feed...
LXI. Angels go off to measure Paradise: the Judgement of the Righteous by the Elect One: the Praise of the Elect One and of God.
1And I saw in those days how long cords were given to those angels, and they took to themselves wings and flew, and they went towards the north.
2And I asked the angel, saying unto him: 'Why have those (angels) taken these cords and gone off?' And he said unto me: 'They have gone to measure.'
3And the angel who went with me said unto me:
4The elect shall begin to dwell with the elect,
5And these measures shall reveal all the secrets of the depths of the
6And all who dwell above in the heaven received a command and power and one voice and one light like unto fire.
7And that One (with) their first words they blessed,
8And the Lord of Spirits placed the Elect one on the throne of glory.
9And when he shall lift up his countenance
10And He will summon all the host of the heavens, and all the holy ones above, and the host of God, the Cherubic, Seraphin and Ophannin, and all the angels of power, and all the angels of principalities,
11and the Elect One, and the other powers on the earth (and) over the water. On that day shall raise one voice, and bless and glorify and exalt in the spirit of faith, and in the spirit of wisdom, and in the spirit of patience, and in the spirit of mercy, and in the spirit of judgement and of peace, and in the spirit of goodness, and shall all say with one voice: "Blessed is He, and may the name of the Lord of Spirits be blessed for ever and ever."
12All who sleep not above in heaven shall bless Him:
And every spirit of light who is able to bless, and glorify, and
extol, and hallow Thy blessed name,
13For great is the mercy of the Lord of Spirits, and He is
LXII. Judgement of the Kings and the Mighty: Blessedness of the Righteous.
1And thus the Lord commanded the kings and the mighty and the exalted, and those who dwell on the earth, and said:
'Open your eyes and lift up your horns if ye are able to recognize the Elect One.'
2And the Lord of Spirits seated him on the throne of His glory,
3And there shall stand up in that day all the kings and the mighty,
4Then shall pain come upon them as on a woman in travail,
5And one portion of them shall look on the other,
6And the kings and the mighty and all who possess the earth shall bless and glorify and extol him who rules over all, who was hidden.
7For from the beginning the Son of Man was hidden,
8And the congregation of the elect and holy shall be sown,
9And all the kings and the mighty and the exalted and those who rule
10Nevertheless that Lord of Spirits will so press them
11And He will deliver them to the angels for punishment,
12And they shall be a spectacle for the righteous and for His elect:
13And the righteous and elect shall be saved on that day,
14And the Lord of Spirits will abide over them,
15And the righteous and elect shall have risen from the earth,
And they shall have been clothed with garments of glory,
16And these shall be the garments of life from the Lord of Spirits:
LXIII. The unavailing Repentance of the Kingsand the Mighty.
1In those days shall the mighty and the kings who possess the earth implore (Him) to grant them a little respite from His angels of punishment to whom they were delivered, that they might fall
2down and worship before the Lord of Spirits, and confess their sins before Him. And they shall bless and glorify the Lord of Spirits, and say:
' Blessed is the Lord of Spirits and the Lord of kings,
3And splendid in every secret thing is Thy power from generation to
Deep are all Thy secrets and innumerable,
4We have now learnt that we should glorify
5And they shall say:
6And now we long for a little rest but find it not:
And light has vanished from before us,
7For we have not believed before Him
But our hope was in the sceptre of our kingdom,
8And in the day of our suffering and tribulation He saves us not,
That our Lord is true in all His works, and in His judgements and His
9And we pass away from before His face on account of our works,
10Now they shall say unto themselves: 'Our souls are full of unrighteous gain, but it does not prevent us from descending from the midst thereof into the burden of Sheol.'
11And after that their faces shall be filled with darkness
12Thus spake the Lord of Spirits: 'This is the ordinance and judgement with respect to the mighty and the kings and the exalted and those who possess the earth before the Lord of Spirits.'
LXIV. Vision of the Fallen Angels in the Place of Punishment.
1,2And other forms I saw hidden in that place. I heard the voice of the angel saying: 'These are the angels who descended to the earth, and revealed what was hidden to the children of men and seduced the children of men into committing sin.'
LXV. Enoch foretells to Noah the Deluge and his own Preservation.
1,2And in those days Noah saw the earth that it had sunk down and its destruction was nigh. And he arose from thence and went to the ends of the earth, and cried aloud to his grandfather Enoch:
3and Noah said three times with an embittered voice: 'Hear me, hear me, hear me.' And I said unto him: 'Tell me what it is that is falling out on the earth that the earth is in such evil plight
4and shaken, lest perchance I shall perish with it?' And thereupon there was a great commotion , on the earth, and a voice was heard from heaven, and I fell on my face. And Enoch my grandfather came and stood by me, and said unto me: 'Why hast thou cried unto me with a bitter cry and weeping
6And a command has gone forth from the presence of the Lord concerning those who dwell on the earth that their ruin is accomplished because they have learnt all the secrets of the angels, and all the violence of the Satans, and all their powers -the most secret ones- and all the power of those who practice sorcery, and the power of witchcraft, and the power of those who make molten images
7for the whole earth: And how silver is produced from the dust of the earth, and how soft metal
8originates in the earth. For lead and tin are not produced from the earth like the first: it is a fountain
9that produces them, and an angel stands therein, and that angel is pre-eminent.' And after that my grandfather Enoch took hold of me by my hand and raised me up, and said unto me: 'Go, for I have
10asked the Lord of Spirits as touching this commotion on the earth. And He said unto me: "Because of their unrighteousness their judgement has been determined upon and shall not be withheld by Me for ever. Because of the sorceries which they have searched out and learnt, the earth and those
11who dwell upon it shall be destroyed." And these -they have no place of repentance for ever, because they have shown them what was hidden, and they are the damned: but as for thee, my son, the Lord of Spirits knows that thou art pure, and guiltless of this reproach concerning the secrets.
12And He has destined thy name to be among the holy,
LXVI. The Angels of the Waters bidden to hold them in Check.
1And after that he showed me the angels of punishment who are prepared to come and let loose all the powers of the waters which are beneath in the earth in order to bring judgement and destruction
2on all who [abide and] dwell on the earth. And the Lord of Spirits gave commandment to the angels who were going forth, that they should not cause the waters to rise but should hold them
3in check; for those angels were over the powers of the waters. And I went away from the presence of Enoch.
LXVII. God's Promise to Noah: Places of Punishment of the Angels and of the Kings.
1And in those days the word of God came unto me, and He said unto me: 'Noah, thy lot has come
2up before Me, a lot without blame, a lot of love and uprightness. And now the angels are making a wooden (building), and when they have completed that task I will place My hand upon it and preserve it, and there shall come forth from it the seed of life, and a change shall set in so that the
3earth will not remain without inhabitant. And I will make fast thy sed before me for ever and ever, and I will spread abroad those who dwell with thee: it shall not be unfruitful on the face of the earth, but it shall be blessed and multiply on the earth in the name of the Lord.'
4And He will imprison those angels, who have shown unrighteousness, in that burning valley which my grandfather Enoch had formerly shown to me in the west among the mountains of gold
5and silver and iron and soft metal and tin. And I saw that valley in which there was a great
6convulsion and a convulsion of the waters. And when all this took place, from that fiery molten metal and from the convulsion thereof in that place, there was produced a smell of sulphur, and it was connected with those waters, and that valley of the angels who had led astray (mankind) burned
7beneath that land. And through its valleys proceed streams of fire, where these angels are punished who had led astray those who dwell upon the earth.
8But those waters shall in those days serve for the kings and the mighty and the exalted, and those who dwell on the earth, for the healing of the body, but for the punishment of the spirit; now their spirit is full of lust, that they may be punished in their body, for they have denied the Lord of Spirits
9and see their punishment daily, and yet believe not in His name. And in proportion as the burning of their bodies becomes severe, a corresponding change shall take place in their spirit for ever and ever;
10for before the Lord of Spirits none shall utter an idle word. For the judgement shall come upon them,
11because they believe in the lust of their body and deny the Spirit of the Lord. And those same waters will undergo a change in those days; for when those angels are punished in these waters, these water-springs shall change their temperature, and when the angels ascend, this water of the
12springs shall change and become cold. And I heard Michael answering and saying: ' This judgement wherewith the angels are judged is a testimony for the kings and the mighty who possess the
13earth.' Because these waters of judgement minister to the healing of the body of the kings and the lust of their body; therefore they will not see and will not believe that those waters will change and become a fire which burns for ever.
LXVIII. Michael and Raphael astonied at the Severity of the Judgement.
1And after that my grandfather Enoch gave me the teaching of all the secrets in the book in the Parables which had been given to him, and he put them together for me in the words of the book
2of the Parables. And on that day Michael answered Raphael and said: 'The power of the spirit transports and makes me to tremble because of the severity of the judgement of the secrets, the judgement of the angels: who can endure the severe judgement which has been executed, and before
3which they melt away?' And Michael answered again, and said to Raphael: 'Who is he whose heart is not softened concerning it, and whose reins are not troubled by this word of judgement
4(that) has gone forth upon them because of those who have thus led them out?' And it came to pass when he stood before the Lord of Spirits, Michael said thus to Raphael: 'I will not take their part under the eye of the Lord; for the Lord of Spirits has been angry with them because they do
5as if they were the Lord. Therefore all that is hidden shall come upon them for ever and ever; for neither angel nor man shall have his portion (in it), but alone they have received their judgement for ever and ever.
LXIX. The Names and Functions of the (fallen Angels and) Satans: the secret Oath.
1And after this judgement they shall terrify and make them to tremble because they have shown this to those who dwell on the earth.
2And behold the names of those angels [and these are their names: the first of them is Samjâzâ, the second Artâqîfâ, and the third Arm$ecirc;n, the fourth Kôkabêl, the fifth Tûrâêl, the sixth Rûmjâl, the seventh Dânjâl, the eighth Nêqâêl, the ninth Barâqêl, the tenth Azâzêl, the eleventh Armârôs, the twelfth Batarjâl, the thirteenth Busasêjal, the fourteenth Hanânêl, the fifteenth Tûrêl, and the sixteenth Sîmâpêsîêl, the seventeenth Jetrêl, the eighteenth Tûmêêl, the nineteenth Tûrêl,
3the twentieth Rûmâêl, the twenty-first Azâzêl. And these are the chiefs of their angels and their names, and their chief ones over hundreds and over fifties and over tens].
4The name of the first Jeqôn: that is, the one who led astray [all] the sons of God, and brought them
5down to the earth, and led them astray through the daughters of men. And the second was named Asbeêl: he imparted to the holy sons of God evil counsel, and led them astray so that they defiled
6their bodies with the daughters of men. And the third was named Gâdreêl: he it is who showed the children of men all the blows of death, and he led astray Eve, and showed [the weapons of death to the sons of men] the shield and the coat of mail, and the sword for battle, and all the weapons
7of death to the children of men. And from his hand they have proceeded against those who dwell
8on the earth from that day and for evermore. And the fourth was named Pênêmûe: he taught the
9children of men the bitter and the sweet, and he taught them all the secrets of their wisdom. And he instructed mankind in writing with ink and paper, and thereby many sinned from eternity to
10eternity and until this day. For men were not created for such a purpose, to give confirmation
11to their good faith with pen and ink. For men were created exactly like the angels, to the intent that they should continue pure and righteous, and death, which destroys everything, could not have taken hold of them, but through this their knowledge they are perishing, and through this power
12it is consuming me. And the fifth was named Kâsdejâ: this is he who showed the children of men all the wicked smitings of spirits and demons, and the smitings of the embryo in the womb, that it may pass away, and [the smitings of the soul] the bites of the serpent, and the smitings
13which befall through the noontide heat, the son of the serpent named Tabâ'et. And this is the task of Kâsbeêl, the chief of the oath which he showed to the holy ones when he dwelt high
14above in glory, and its name is Bîqâ. This (angel) requested Michael to show him the hidden name, that he might enunciate it in the oath, so that those might quake before that name and oath who
15revealed all that was in secret to the children of men. And this is the power of this oath, for it is powerful and strong, and he placed this oath Akâe in the hand of Michael.
16And these are the secrets of this oath...
17And through it the earth was founded upon the water,
18And through that oath the sea was created,
19And through that oath are the depths made fast,
20And through that oath the sun and moon complete their course,
21And through that oath the stars complete their course,
22[And in like manner the spirits of the water, and of the winds, and of all zephyrs, and (their) paths
23from all the quarters of the winds. And there are preserved the voices of the thunder and the light of the lightnings: and there are preserved the chambers of the hail and the chambers of the
24hoarfrost, and the chambers of the mist, and the chambers of the rain and the dew. And all these believe and give thanks before the Lord of Spirits, and glorify (Him) with all their power, and their food is in every act of thanksgiving: they thank and glorify and extol the name of the Lord of Spirits for ever and ever.]
25And this oath is mighty over them
26And there was great joy amongst them,
27And he sat on the throne of his glory,
28With chains shall they be bound,
29And from henceforth there shall be nothing corruptible;
For that Son of Man has appeared,
This is the third parable of Enoch.
LXX. The Final Translation of Enoch.
1And it came to pass after this that his name during his lifetime was raised aloft to that Son of
2Man and to the Lord of Spirits from amongst those who dwell on the earth. And he was raised aloft
3on the chariots of the spirit and his name vanished among them. And from that day I was no longer numbered amongst them: and he set me between the two winds, between the North and the
4West, where the angels took the cords to measure for me the place for the elect and righteous. And there I saw the first fathers and the righteous who from the beginning dwell in that place.
LXXI. Two earlier Visions of Enoch.
1And it came to pass after this that my spirit was translated
2And I saw two streams of fire,
3And the angel Michael [one of the archangels] seized me by my right
4And he showed me all the secrets of the ends of the heaven,
5And he translated my spirit into the heaven of heavens,
6And my spirit saw the girdle which girt that house of fire,
7And round about were Seraphin, Cherubic, and Ophannin:
8And I saw angels who could not be counted,
And Michael, and Raphael, and Gabriel, and Phanuel,
9And they came forth from that house,
10And with them the Head of Days,
11And I fell on my face,
And I cried with a loud voice,
12And these blessings which went forth out of my mouth were well pleasing before that Head of
13Days. And that Head of Days came with Michael and Gabriel, Raphael and Phanuel, thousands and ten thousands of angels without number.
[Lost passage wherein the Son of Man was described as accompanying the Head of Days, and Enoch asked one of the angels (as in xlvi. 3) concerning the Son of Man as to who he was.]
14And he (i.e. the angel) came to me and greeted me with His voice,
and said unto me:
15And he said unto me:
16And all shall walk in his ways since righteousness never forsaketh
And so there shall be length of days with that Son of Man,
LXXII. The Sun.
1The book of the courses of the luminaries of the heaven, the relations of each, according to their classes, their dominion and their seasons, according to their names and places of origin, and according to their months, which Uriel, the holy angel, who was with me, who is their guide, showed me; and he showed me all their laws exactly as they are, and how it is with regard to all the years of the world
2and unto eternity, till the new creation is accomplished which dureth till eternity. And this is the first law of the luminaries: the luminary the Sun has its rising in the eastern portals of the heaven,
3and its setting in the western portals of the heaven. And I saw six portals in which the sun rises, and six portals in which the sun sets and the moon rises and sets in these portals, and the leaders of the stars and those whom they lead: six in the east and six in the west, and all following each other
4in accurately corresponding order: also many windows to the right and left of these portals. And first there goes forth the great luminary, named the Sun, and his circumference is like the
5circumference of the heaven, and he is quite filled with illuminating and heating fire. The chariot on which he ascends, the wind drives, and the sun goes down from the heaven and returns through the north in order to reach the east, and is so guided that he comes to the appropriate (lit. 'that') portal and
6shines in the face of the heaven. In this way he rises in the first month in the great portal, which
7is the fourth [those six portals in the cast]. And in that fourth portal from which the sun rises in the first month are twelve window-openings, from which proceed a flame when they are opened in
8their season. When the sun rises in the heaven, he comes forth through that fourth portal thirty,
9mornings in succession, and sets accurately in the fourth portal in the west of the heaven. And during this period the day becomes daily longer and the night nightly shorter to the thirtieth
10morning. On that day the day is longer than the night by a ninth part, and the day amounts exactly to ten parts and the night to eight parts. And the sun rises from that fourth portal, and sets in the fourth and returns to the fifth portal of the east thirty mornings, and rises from it and sets in the fifth
12portal. And then the day becomes longer by two parts and amounts to eleven parts, and the night
13becomes shorter and amounts to seven parts. And it returns to the east and enters into the sixth 14 portal, and rises and sets in the sixth portal one-and-thirty mornings on account of its sign. On that day the day becomes longer than the night, and the day becomes double the night, and the day
15becomes twelve parts, and the night is shortened and becomes six parts. And the sun mounts up to make the day shorter and the night longer, and the sun returns to the east and enters into the
16sixth portal, and rises from it and sets thirty mornings. And when thirty mornings are accomplished,
17the day decreases by exactly one part, and becomes eleven parts, and the night seven. And the sun goes forth from that sixth portal in the west, and goes to the east and rises in the fifth portal for
18thirty mornings, and sets in the west again in the fifth western portal. On that day the day decreases by two parts, and amounts to ten parts and the night to eight parts. And the sun goes forth from that fifth portal and sets in the fifth portal of the west, and rises in the fourth portal for one-
20and-thirty mornings on account of its sign, and sets in the west. On that day the day is equalized with the night, [and becomes of equal length], and the night amounts to nine parts and the day to
21nine parts. And the sun rises from that portal and sets in the west, and returns to the east and rises
22thirty mornings in the third portal and sets in the west in the third portal. And on that day the night becomes longer than the day, and night becomes longer than night, and day shorter than day till the thirtieth morning, and the night amounts exactly to ten parts and the day to eight
23parts. And the sun rises from that third portal and sets in the third portal in the west and returns to the east, and for thirty mornings rises
24in the second portal in the east, and in like manner sets in the second portal in the west of the heaven. And on that day the night amounts to eleven
25parts and the day to seven parts. And the sun rises on that day from that second portal and sets in the west in the second portal, and returns to the east into the first portal for one-and-thirty
26mornings, and sets in the first portal in the west of the heaven. And on that day the night becomes longer and amounts to the double of the day: and the night amounts exactly to twelve parts and
27the day to six. And the sun has (therewith) traversed the divisions of his orbit and turns again on those divisions of his orbit, and enters that portal thirty mornings and sets also in the west
28opposite to it. And on that night has the night decreased in length by a ninth part, and the night
29has become eleven parts and the day seven parts. And the sun has returned and entered into the second portal in the east, and returns on those his divisions of his orbit for thirty mornings, rising
30and setting. And on that day the night decreases in length, and the night amounts to ten parts
31and the day to eight. And on that day the sun rises from that portal, and sets in the west, and returns to the east, and rises in the third portal for one-and-thirty mornings, and sets in the west of the heaven.
32On that day the night decreases and amounts to nine parts, and the day to nine parts, and the night
33is equal to the day and the year is exactly as to its days three hundred and sixty-four. And the length of the day and of the night, and the shortness of the day and of the night arise-through the course
34of the sun these distinctions are made (lit. 'they are separated'). So it comes that its course becomes
35daily longer, and its course nightly shorter. And this is the law and the course of the sun, and his return as often as he returns sixty times and rises, i.e. the great luminary which is named the sun,
36for ever and ever. And that which (thus) rises is the great luminary, and is so named according to
37its appearance, according as the Lord commanded. As he rises, so he sets and decreases not, and rests not, but runs day and night, and his light is sevenfold brighter than that of the moon; but as regards size they are both equal.
LXXIII. The Moon and its Phases.
1And after this law I saw another law dealing with the smaller luminary, which is named the Moon.
2And her circumference is like the circumference of the heaven, and her chariot in which she rides
3is driven by the wind, and light is given to her in (definite) measure. And her rising and setting change every month: and her days are like the days of the sun, and when her light is uniform
4(i.e. full) it amounts to the seventh part of the light of the sun. And thus she rises. And her first phase in the east comes forth on the thirtieth morning: and on that day she becomes visible, and constitutes for you the first phase of the moon on the thirtieth day together with the sun in the
5portal where the sun rises. And the one half of her goes forth by a seventh part, and her whole circumference is empty, without light, with the exception of one-seventh part of it, (and) the
6fourteenth part of her light. And when she receives one-seventh part of the half of her light, her light
7amounts to one-seventh part and the half thereof. And she sets with the sun, and when the sun rises the moon rises with him and receives the half of one part of light, and in that night in the beginning of her morning [in the commencement of the lunar day] the moon sets with the sun, and
8is invisible that night with the fourteen parts and the half of one of them. And she rises on that day with exactly a seventh part, and comes forth and recedes from the rising of the sun, and in her remaining days she becomes bright in the (remaining) thirteen parts.
LXXIV. The Lunar Year.
1And I saw another course, a law for her, (and) how according to that law she performs her monthly
2revolution. And all these Uriel, the holy angel who is the leader of them all, showed to me, and their positions, and I wrote down their positions as he showed them to me, and I wrote down their months
3as they were, and the appearance of their lights till fifteen days were accomplished. In single seventh parts she accomplishes all her light in the east, and in single seventh parts accomplishes all her
4darkness in the west. And in certain months she alters her settings, and in certain months she pursues
5her own peculiar course. In two months the moon sets with the sun: in those two middle portals the
6third and the fourth. She goes forth for seven days, and turns about and returns again through the portal where the sun rises, and accomplishes all her light: and she recedes from the sun, and in eight
7days enters the sixth portal from which the sun goes forth. And when the sun goes forth from the fourth portal she goes forth seven days, until she goes forth from the fifth and turns back again in seven days into the fourth portal and accomplishes all her light: and she recedes and enters into the
8first portal in eight days. And she returns again in seven days into the fourth portal from which the
9,10sun goes forth. Thus I saw their position -how the moons rose and the sun set in those days. And if five years are added together the sun has an overplus of thirty days, and all the days which accrue
11to it for one of those five years, when they are full, amount to 364 days. And the overplus of the sun and of the stars amounts to six days: in 5 years 6 days every year come to 30 days: and the
12moon falls behind the sun and stars to the number of 30 days. And the sun and the stars bring in all the years exactly, so that they do not advance or delay their position by a single day unto eternity; but complete the years with perfect justice in 364 days. In 3 years there are 1,092 days, and in 5 years 1,820 days, so that in 8 years there are 2,912 days. For the moon alone the days amount in 3 years to 1,062 days, and in 5 years she falls 50 days behind: [i.e. to the sum (of 1,770) there is
15to be added (1,000 and) 62 days.] And in 5 years there are 1,770 days, so that for the moon the days
16in 8 years amount to 2,832 days. [For in 8 years she falls behind to the amount of 80 days], all the
17days she falls behind in 8 years are 80. And the year is accurately completed in conformity with their world-stations and the stations of the sun, which rise from the portals through which it (the sun) rises and sets 30 days.
1And the leaders of the heads of the thousands, who are placed over the whole creation and over all the stars, have also to do with the four intercalary days, being inseparable from their office, according to the reckoning of the year, and these render service on the four days which are not
2reckoned in the reckoning of the year. And owing to them men go wrong therein, for those luminaries truly render service on the world-stations, one in the first portal, one in the third portal of the heaven, one in the fourth portal, and one in the sixth portal, and the exactness of the year is
3accomplished through its separate three hundred and sixty-four stations. For the signs and the times and the years and the days the angel Uriel showed to me, whom the Lord of glory hath set for ever over all the luminaries of the heaven, in the heaven and in the world, that they should rule on the face of the heaven and be seen on the earth, and be leaders for the day and the night, i.e. the sun, moon, and stars, and all the ministering creatures which make their revolution in all the chariots
4of the heaven. In like manner twelve doors Uriel showed me, open in the circumference of the sun's chariot in the heaven, through which the rays of the sun break forth: and from them is warmth
5diffused over the earth, when they are opened at their appointed seasons. [And for the winds and
6the spirit of the dew when they are opened, standing open in the heavens at the ends.] As for the twelve portals in the heaven, at the ends of the earth, out of which go forth the sun, moon, and stars,
7and all the works of heaven in the east and in the west, There are many windows open to the left and right of them, and one window at its (appointed) season produces warmth, corresponding (as these do) to those doors from which the stars come forth according as He has commanded them,
8and wherein they set corresponding to their number. And I saw chariots in the heaven, running
9in the world, above those portals in which revolve the stars that never set. And one is larger than all the rest, and it is that that makes its course through the entire world.
LXXVI. The Twelve Winds and their Portals.
1And at the ends of the earth I saw twelve portals open to all the quarters (of the heaven), from
2which the winds go forth and blow over the earth. Three of them are open on the face (i.e. the east) of the heavens, and three in the west, and three on the right (i.e. the south) of the heaven, and
3three on the left (i.e. the north). And the three first are those of the east, and three are of the
4north, and three [after those on the left] of the south, and three of the west. Through four of these come winds of blessing and prosperity, and from those eight come hurtful winds: when they are sent, they bring destruction on all the earth and on the water upon it, and on all who dwell thereon, and on everything which is in the water and on the land.
5And the first wind from those portals, called the east wind, comes forth through the first portal which is in the east, inclining towards the south: from it come forth desolation, drought, heat,
6and destruction. And through the second portal in the middle comes what is fitting, and from it there come rain and fruitfulness and prosperity and dew; and through the third portal which lies toward the north come cold and drought.
7And after these come forth the south winds through three portals: through the first portal of
8them inclining to the east comes forth a hot wind. And through the middle portal next to it there
9come forth fragrant smells, and dew and rain, and prosperity and health. And through the third portal lying to the west come forth dew and rain, locusts and desolation.
10And after these the north winds: from the seventh portal in the east come dew and rain, locusts
11and desolation. And from the middle portal come in a direct direction health and rain and dew and prosperity; and through the third portal in the west come cloud and hoar-frost, and snow and rain, and dew and locusts.
12And after these [four] are the west winds: through the first portal adjoining the north come forth
13dew and hoar-frost, and cold and snow and frost. And from the middle portal come forth dew and rain, and prosperity and blessing; and through the last portal which adjoins the south come forth
14drought and desolation, and burning and destruction. And the twelve portals of the four quarters of the heaven are therewith completed, and all their laws and all their plagues and all their benefactions have I shown to thee, my son Methuselah.
LXXVII. The Four Quarters of the World: the Seven Mountains, the Seven Rivers, &c.
1And the first quarter is called the east, because it is the first: and the second, the south, because the Most High will descend there, yea, there in quite a special sense will He who is blessed for ever
2descend. And the west quarter is named the diminished, because there all the luminaries of the
3heaven wane and go down. And the fourth quarter, named the north, is divided into three parts: the first of them is for the dwelling of men: and the second contains seas of water, and the abysses and forests and rivers, and darkness and clouds; and the third part contains the garden of righteousness.
4I saw seven high mountains, higher than all the mountains which are on the earth: and thence
5comes forth hoar-frost, and days, seasons, and years pass away. I saw seven rivers on the earth larger than all the rivers: one of them coming from the west pours its waters into the Great Sea.
6And these two come from the north to the sea and pour their waters into the Erythraean Sea in the
7east. And the remaining, four come forth on the side of the north to their own sea, two of them to the Erythraean Sea, and two into the Great Sea and discharge themselves there [and some say:
8into the desert]. Seven great islands I saw in the sea and in the mainland: two in the mainland and five in the Great Sea.
LXXVIII. The Sun and Moon: the Waxing and Waning of the Moon.
1,2And the names of the sun are the following: the first Orjârês, and the second Tômâs. And the moon has four names: the first name is Asônjâ, the second Eblâ, the third Benâsê, and the fourth
3Erâe. These are the two great luminaries: their circumference is like the circumference of the
4heaven, and the size of the circumference of both is alike. In the circumference of the sun there are seven portions of light which are added to it more than to the moon, and in definite measures it is
5transferred till the seventh portion of the sun is exhausted. And they set and enter the portals of the west, and make their revolution by the north, and come forth through the eastern portals
6on the face of the heaven. And when the moon rises one-fourteenth part appears in the heaven:
7[the light becomes full in her]: on the fourteenth day she accomplishes her light. And fifteen parts of light are transferred to her till the fifteenth day (when) her light is accomplished, according to the sign of the year, and she becomes fifteen parts, and the moon grows by (the addition of) fourteenth
8parts. And in her waning (the moon) decreases on the first day to fourteen parts of her light, on the second to thirteen parts of light, on the third to twelve, on the fourth to eleven, on the fifth to ten, on the sixth to nine, on the seventh to eight, on the eighth to seven, on the ninth to six, on the tenth to five, on the eleventh to four, on the twelfth to three, on the thirteenth to two, on the fourteenth
9to the half of a seventh, and all her remaining light disappears wholly on the fifteenth. And
10in certain months the month has twenty-nine days and once twenty-eight. And Uriel showed me another law: when light is transferred to the moon, and on which side it is transferred to her by
11the sun. Duringall the period during which the moon is growing in her light, she is transferring it to herself when opposite to the sun during fourteen days [her light is accomplished in the heaven,
12and when she is illumined throughout, her light is accomplished full in the heaven. And on the first
13day she is called the new moon, for on that day the light rises upon her. She becomes full moon exactly on the day when the sun sets in the west, and from the east she rises at night, and the moon shines the whole night through till the sun rises over against her and the moon is seen over against
14the sun. On the side whence the light of the moon comes forth, there again she wanes till all the light vanishes and all the days of the month are at an end, and her circumference is empty, void of
15light. And three months she makes of thirty days, and at her time she makes three months of twenty-nine days each, in which she accomplishes her waning in the first period of time, and in the first
16portal for one hundred and seventy-seven days. And in the time of her going out she appears for three months (of) thirty days each, and for three months she appears (of) twenty-nine each. At night she appears like a man for twenty days each time, and by day she appears like the heaven, and there is nothing else in her save her light.
LXXIX-LXXX.1. Recapitulation of several of the Laws.
1And now, my son, I have shown thee everything, and the law of all the stars of the heaven is
2completed. And he showed me all the laws of these for every day, and for every season of bearing rule, and for every year, and for its going forth, and for the order prescribed to it every month
3and every week: And the waning of the moon which takes place in the sixth portal: for in this
4sixth portal her light is accomplished, and after that there is the beginning of the waning: (And the waning) which takes place in the first portal in its season, till one hundred and seventy-seven
5days are accomplished: reckoned according to weeks, twenty-five (weeks) and two days. She falls behind the sun and the order of the stars exactly five days in the course of one period, and when
6this place which thou seest has been traversed. Such is the picture and sketch of every luminary which Uriel the archangel, who is their leader, showed unto me.
1And in those days the angel Uriel answered and said to me: 'Behold, I have shown thee everything, Enoch, and I have revealed everything to thee that thou shouldst see this sun and this moon, and the leaders of the stars of the heaven and all those who turn them, their tasks and times and departures.
LXXX.2-8. Perversion of Nature and the heavenly Bodies due to the Sin of Men.
2And in the days of the sinners the years shall be shortened,
And shall not appear in their time:
3And in those times the fruits of the earth shall be backward,
4And the moon shall alter her order,
5[And in those days the sun shall be seen and he shall journey in the
evening on the extremity of the great chariot in the west]
6And many chiefs of thestars shall transgress the order (prescribed).
7And the whole order of the stars shall be concealed from the
8And evil shall be multiplied upon them,
LXXXI. The Heavenly Tablets and the Mission of Enoch.
1And he said unto me:
2And I observed the heavenly tablets, and read everything which was written (thereon) and understood everything, and read the book of all the deeds of mankind, and of all the children of flesh
3that shall be upon the earth to the remotest generations. And forthwith I blessed the great Lord the King of glory for ever, in that He has made all the works of the world,
And I extolled the Lord because of His patience,
4And after that I said:
5And those seven holy ones brought me and placed me on the earth before the door of my house, and said to me: 'Declare everything to thy son Methuselah, and show to all thy children that no
6flesh is righteous in the sight of the Lord, for He is their Creator. One year we will leave thee with thy son, till thou givest thy (last) commands, that thou mayest teach thy children and record (it) for them, and testify to all thy children; and in the second year they shall take thee from their midst.
7Let thy heart be strong,
The righteous with the righteous shall rejoice,
8But the sinners shall die with the sinners,
9And those who practice righteousness shall die on account of the
deeds of men,
10And in those days they ceased to speak to me, and I came to my people, blessing the Lord of the world.
LXXXII. Charge given to Enoch: the four Intercalary days: the Stars which lead the Seasons and the Months.
1And now, my son Methuselah, all these things I am recounting to thee and writing down for thee! and I have revealed to thee everything, and given thee books concerning all these: so preserve, my son Methuselah, the books from thy father's hand, and (see) that thou deliver them to the generations of the world.
2I have given wisdom to thee and to thy children,
3And those who understand it shall not sleep,
4Blessed are all the righteous, blessed are all those who walk in the way of righteousness and sin not as the sinners, in the reckoning of all their days in which the sun traverses t he heaven, entering into and departing from the portals for thirty days with the heads of thousands of the order of the stars, together with the four which are intercalated which divide the four portions of the year, which
5lead them and enter with them four days. Owing to them men shall be at fault and not reckon them in the whole reckoning of the year: yea, men shall be at fault, and not recognize them accurately.
6For they belong to the reckoning of the year and are truly recorded (thereon) for ever, one in the first portal and one in the third, and one in the fourth and one in the sixth, and the year is completed in three hundred and sixty-four days.
7And the account thereof is accurate and the recorded reckoning thereof exact; for the luminaries, and months and festivals, and years and days, has Uriel shown and revealed to me, to whom the
8Lord of the whole creation of the world hath subjected the host of heaven. And he has power over night and day in the heaven to cause the light to give light to men -sun, moon, and stars,
9and all the powers of the heaven which revolve in their circular chariots. And these are the orders of the stars, which set in their places, and in their seasons and festivals and months.
10And these are the names of those who lead them, who watch that they enter at their times, in their orders, in their seasons, in their months, in their periods of dominion, and in their positions.
11Their four leaders who divide the four parts of the year enter first; and after them the twelve leaders of the orders who divide the months; and for the three hundred and sixty (days) there are heads over thousands who divide the days; and for the four intercalary days there are the leaders which sunder
12the four parts of the year. And these heads over thousands are intercalated between
13leader and leader, each behind a station, but their leaders make the division. And these are the names of the leaders who divide the four parts of the year which are ordained: Mîlkî'êl, Hel'emmêlêk, and Mêl'êjal,
14and Nârêl. And the names of those who lead them: Adnâr'êl, and Ijâsûsa'êl, and 'Elômê'êl -these three follow the leaders of the orders, and there is one that follows the three leaders of the orders which follow those leaders of stations that divide the four parts of the year.
15In the beginning of the year Melkejâl rises first and rules, who is named Tam'âinî and sun, and
16all the days of his dominion whilst he bears rule are ninety-one days. And these are the signs of the days which are to be seen on earth in the days of his dominion: sweat, and heat, and calms; and all the trees bear fruit, and leaves are produced on all the trees, and the harvest of wheat, and the rose-flowers, and all the flowers which come forth in the field, but the trees of the winter season
17become withered. And these are the names of the leaders which are under them: Berka'êl, Zêlebs'êl, and another who is added a head of a thousand, called Hîlûjâseph: and the days of the dominion of this (leader) are at an end.
18The next leader after him is Hêl'emmêlêk, whom one names the shining sun, and all the days
19of his light are ninety-one days. And these are the signs of (his) days on the earth: glowing heat and dryness, and the trees ripen their fruits and produce all their fruits ripe and ready, and the sheep pair and become pregnant, and all the fruits of the earth are gathered in, and everything that is
20in the fields, and the winepress: these things take place in the days of his dominion. These are the names, and the orders, and the leaders of those heads of thousands: Gîdâ'îjal, Kê'êl, and Hê'êl, and the name of the head of a thousand which is added to them, Asfâ'êl: and the days of his dominion are at an end.
LXXXIII-LXXXIV. First Dream-Vision on the Deluge.
1And now, my son Methuselah, I will show thee all my visions which I have seen, recounting
2them before thee. Two visions I saw before I took a wife, and the one was quite unlike the other: the first when I was learning to write: the second before I took thy mother, (when) I saw a terrible
3vision. And regarding them I prayed to the Lord. I had laid me down in the house of my grandfather Mahalalel, (when) I saw in a vision how the heaven collapsed and was borne off and fell to
4the earth. And when it fell to the earth I saw how the earth was swallowed up in a great abyss, and mountains were suspended on mountains, and hills sank down on hills, and high trees were rent
5from their stems, and hurled down and sunk in the abyss. And thereupon a word fell into my mouth,
6and I lifted up (my voice) to cry aloud, and said: 'The earth is destroyed.' And my grandfather Mahalalel waked me as I lay near him, and said unto me: 'Why dost thou cry so, my son, and why
7dost thou make such lamentation?' And I recounted to him the whole vision which I had seen, and he said unto me: 'A terrible thing hast thou seen, my son, and of grave moment is thy dream- vision as to the secrets of all the sin of the earth: it must sink into the abyss and be destroyed with
8a great destruction. And now, my son, arise and make petition to the Lord of glory, since thou art a believer, that a remnant may remain on the earth, and that He may not destroy the whole
9earth. My son, from heaven all this will come upon the earth, and upon the earth there will be great
10destruction. After that I arose and prayed and implored and besought, and wrote down my prayer
11for the generations of the world, and I will show everything to thee, my son Methuselah. And when I had gone forth below and seen the heaven, and the sun rising in the east, and the moon setting in the west, and a few stars, and the whole earth, and everything as He had known it in the beginning, then I blessed the Lord of judgement and extolled Him because He had made the sun to go forth from the windows of the east, and he ascended and rose on the face of the heaven, and set out and kept traversing the path shown unto him.
1And I lifted up my hands in righteousness and blessed the Holy and Great One, and spake with the breath of my mouth, and with the tongue of flesh, which God has made for the children of the flesh of men, that they should speak therewith, and He gave them breath and a tongue and a mouth that they should speak therewith:
2'Blessed be Thou, O Lord, King,
And Thy power and kingship and greatness abide for ever and ever,
3For Thou hast made and Thou rulest all things,
4And now the angels of Thy heavens are guilty of trespass,
5And now, O God and Lord and Great King,
6And now, my Lord, destroy from the earth the flesh which has aroused
LXXXV-XC. Second Dream-Vision of Enoch: the History of the World to the Founding of the Messianic Kingdom.
1,2And after this I saw another dream, and I will show the whole dream to thee, my son. And Enoch lifted up (his voice) and spake to his son Methuselah: 'To thee, my son, will I speak: hear my
3words -incline thine ear to the dream-vision of thy father. Before I took thy mother Edna, I saw in a vision on my bed, and behold a bull came forth from the earth, and that bull was white; and after it came forth a heifer, and along with this (latter) came forth two bulls, one of them black and
4the other red. And that black bull gored the red one and pursued him over the earth, and thereupon
5I could no longer see that red bull. But that black bull grew and that heifer went with him, and
6I saw that many oxen proceeded from him which resembled and followed him. And that cow, that first one, went from the presence of that first bull in order to seek that red one, but found him
7not, and lamented with a great lamentation over him and sought him. And I looked till that first
8bull came to her and quieted her, and from that time onward she cried no more. And after that she bore another white bull, and after him she bore many bulls and black cows.
9And I saw in my sleep that white bull likewise grow and become a great white bull, and from Him proceeded many white bulls, and they resembled him. And they began to beget many white bulls, which resembled them, one following the other, (even) many.
LXXXVI. The Fall of the Angels and the Demoralization of Mankind.
1And again I saw with mine eyes as I slept, and I saw the heaven above, and behold a star fell
2from heaven, and it arose and eat and pastured amongst those oxen. And after that I saw the large and the black oxen, and behold they all changed their stalls and pastures and their cattle, and began
3to live with each other. And again I saw in the vision, and looked towards the heaven, and behold I saw many stars descend and cast themselves down from heaven to that first star, and they became
4bulls amongst those cattle and pastured with them [amongst them]. And I looked at them and saw, and behold they all let out their privy members, like horses, and began to cover the cows of the oxen,
5and they all became pregnant and bare elephants, camels, and asses. And all the oxen feared them and were affrighted at them, and began to bite with their teeth and to devour, and to gore with their
6horns. And they began, moreover, to devour those oxen; and behold all the children of the earth began to tremble and quake before them and to flee from them.
LXXXVII. The Advent of the Seven Archangels.
1And again I saw how they began to gore each other and to devour each other, and the earth
2began to cry aloud. And I raised mine eyes again to heaven, and I saw in the vision, and behold there came forth from heaven beings who were like white men: and four went forth from that place
3and three with them. And those three that had last come forth grasped me by my hand and took me up, away from the generations of the earth, and raised me up to a lofty place, and showed me
4a tower raised high above the earth, and all the hills were lower. And one said unto me: 'Remain here till thou seest everything that befalls those elephants, camels, and asses, and the stars and the oxen, and all of them.'
LXXXVIII. The Punishment of the Fallen Angels by the Archangels.
1And I saw one of those four who had come forth first, and he seized that first star which had fallen from the heaven, and bound it hand and foot and cast it into an abyss: now that abyss was
2narrow and deep, and horrible and dark. And one of them drew a sword, and gave it to those elephants and camels and asses: then they began to smite each other, and the whole earth quaked
3because of them. And as I was beholding in the vision, lo, one of those four who had come forth stoned (them) from heaven, and gathered and took all the great stars whose privy members were like those of horses, and bound them all hand and foot, and cast them in an abyss of the earth.
LXXXIX.1-9. The Deluge and the Deliverance of Noah.
1And one of those four went to that white bull and instructed him in a secret, without his being terrified: he was born a bull and became a man, and built for himself a great vessel and dwelt thereon;
2and three bulls dwelt with him in that vessel and they were covered in. And again I raised mine eyes towards heaven and saw a lofty roof, with seven water torrents thereon, and those torrents
3flowed with much water into an enclosure. And I saw again, and behold fountains were opened on the surface of that great enclosure, and that water began to swell and rise upon the surface,
4and I saw that enclosure till all its surface was covered with water. And the water, the darkness, and mist increased upon it; and as I looked at the height of that water, that water had risen above the height of that enclosure, and was streaming over that enclosure, and it stood upon the earth.
5And all the cattle of that enclosure were gathered together until I saw how they sank and were
6swallowed up and perished in that water. But that vessel floated on the water, while all the oxen and elephants and camels and asses sank to the bottom with all the animals, so that I could no longer
7see them, and they were not able to escape, (but) perished and sank into the depths. And again I saw in the vision till those water torrents were removed from that high roof, and the chasms
8of the earth were leveled up and other abysses were opened. Then the water began to run down into these, till the earth became visible; but that vessel settled on the earth, and the darkness
9retired and light appeared. But that white bull which had become a man came out of that vessel, and the three bulls with him, and one of those three was white like that bull, and one of them was red as blood, and one black: and that white bull departed from them.
LXXXIX.10-27. From the Death of Noah to the Exodus.
10And they began to bring forth beasts of the field and birds, so that there arose different genera: lions, tigers, wolves, dogs, hyenas, wild boars, foxes, squirrels, swine, falcons, vultures, kites,
11eagles, and ravens; and among them was born a white bull. And they began to bite one another; but that white bull which was born amongst them begat a wild ass and a white bull with it, and the
12wild asses multiplied. But that bull which was born from him begat a black wild boar and a white
13sheep; and the former begat many boars, but that sheep begat twelve sheep. And when those twelve sheep had grown, they gave up one of them to the asses, and those asses again gave up that sheep
14to the wolves, and that sheep grew up among the wolves. And the Lord brought the eleven sheep to live with it and to pasture with it among the wolves: and they multiplied and became many
15flocks of sheep. And the wolves began to fear them, and they oppressed them until they destroyed their little ones, and they cast their young into a river of much water: but those sheep began to
16cry aloud on account of their little ones, and to complain unto their Lord. And a sheep which had been saved from the wolves fled and escaped to the wild asses; and I saw the sheep how they lamented and cried, and besought their Lord with all their might, till that Lord of the sheep descended
17at the voice of the sheep from a lofty abode, and came to them and pastured them. And He called that sheep which had escaped the wolves, and spake with it concerning the wolves that it should
18admonish them not to touch the sheep. And the sheep went to the wolves according to the word of the Lord, and another sheep met it and went with it, and the two went and entered together into the assembly of those wolves, and spake with them and admonished them not to touch the
19sheep from henceforth. And thereupon I saw the wolves, and how they oppressed the sheep
20exceedingly with all their power; and the sheep cried aloud. And the Lord came to the sheep and they began to smite those wolves: and the wolves began to make lamentation; but the sheep became
21quiet and forthwith ceased to cry out. And I saw the sheep till they departed from amongst the wolves; but the eyes of the wolves were blinded, and those wolves departed in pursuit of the sheep
22with all their power. And the Lord of the sheep went with them, as their leader, and all His sheep
23followed Him: and his face was dazzling and glorious and terrible to behold. But the wolves
24began to pursue those sheep till they reached a sea of water. And that sea was divided, and the water stood on this side and on that before their face, and their Lord led them and placed Himself between
25them and the wolves. And as those wolves did not yet see the sheep, they proceeded into the midst of that sea, and the wolves followed the sheep, and [those wolves] ran after them into that sea.
26And when they saw the Lord of the sheep, they turned to flee before His face, but that sea gathered itself together, and became as it had been created, and the water swelled and rose till it covered
27those wolves. And I saw till all the wolves who pursued those sheep perished and were drowned.
LXXXIX.28-40. Israel in the Desert, the Giving of the Law, the Entrance into Palestine.
28But the sheep escaped from that water and went forth into a wilderness, where there was no water and no grass; and they began to open their eyes and to see; and I saw the Lord of the sheep
29pasturing them and giving them water and grass, and that sheep going and leading them. And that
30sheep ascended to the summit of that lofty rock, and the Lord of the sheep sent it to them. And after that I saw the Lord of the sheep who stood before them, and His appearance was great and
31terrible and majestic, and all those sheep saw Him and were afraid before His face. And they all feared and trembled because of Him, and they cried to that sheep with them [which was amongst
32them]: 'We are not able to stand before our Lord or to behold Him.' And that sheep which led them again ascended to the summit of that rock, but the sheep began to be blinded and to wander
33from the way which he had showed them, but that sheep wot not thereof. And the Lord of the sheep was wrathful exceedingly against them, and that sheep discovered it, and went down from the summit of the rock, and came to the sheep, and found the greatest part of them blinded and fallen
34away. And when they saw it they feared and trembled at its presence, and desired to return to their
35folds. And that sheep took other sheep with it, and came to those sheep which had fallen away, and began to slay them; and the sheep feared its presence, and thus that sheep brought back those
36sheep that had fallen away, and they returned to their folds. And I saw in this vision till that sheep became a man and built a house for the Lord of the sheep, and placed all the sheep in that house.
37And I saw till this sheep which had met that sheep which led them fell asleep: and I saw till all the great sheep perished and little ones arose in their place, and they came to a pasture, and
38approached a stream of water. Then that sheep, their leader which had become a man, withdrew
39from them and fell asleep, and all the sheep sought it and cried over it with a great crying. And I saw till they left off crying for that sheep and crossed that stream of water, and there arose the two sheep as leaders in the place of those which had led them and fallen asleep (lit. 'had fallen asleep and led
40them'). And I saw till the sheep came to a goodly place, and a pleasant and glorious land, and I saw till those sheep were satisfied; and that house stood amongst them in the pleasant land.
LXXXIX.41-50. From the Time of the Judges to the Building of the Temple.
41And sometimes their eyes were opened, and sometimes blinded, till another sheep arose and led them and brought them all back, and their eyes were opened.
42And the dogs and the foxes and the wild boars began to devour those sheep till the Lord of the sheep raised up [another sheep] a ram from their
43midst, which led them. And that ram began to butt on either side those dogs, foxes, and wild
44boars till he had destroyed them all. And that sheep whose eyes were opened saw that ram, which was amongst the sheep, till it forsook its glory and began to butt those sheep, and trampled upon them, and behaved itself
45unseemly. And the Lord of the sheep sent the lamb to another lamb and raised it to being a ram and leader of the sheep instead of that
46ram which had forsaken its glory. And it went to it and spake to it alone, and raised it to being a ram, and made it the prince and leader of the sheep; but during all these things those dogs
47oppressed the sheep. And the first ram pursued that second ram, and that second ram arose and fled before it; and I saw till those dogs pulled
48down the first ram. And that second ram arose
49and led the [little] sheep. And those sheep grew and multiplied; but all the dogs, and foxes, and wild boars feared and fled before it, and that ram butted and killed the wild beasts, and those wild beasts had no longer any power among the 48b sheep and robbed them no more of ought. And that ram begat many sheep and fell asleep; and a little sheep became ram in its stead, and became prince and leader of those sheep.
50And that house became great and broad, and it was built for those sheep: (and) a tower lofty and great was built on the house for the Lord of the sheep, and that house was low, but the tower was elevated and lofty, and the Lord of the sheep stood on that tower and they offered a full table before Him.
LXXXIX.51-67. The Two Kingdoms of Israel and Judah to the Destruction of Jerusalem.
51And again I saw those sheep that they again erred and went many ways, and forsook that their house, and the Lord of the sheep called some from amongst the sheep and sent them to the sheep,
52but the sheep began to slay them. And one of them was saved and was not slain, and it sped away and cried aloud over the sheep; and they sought to slay it, but the Lord of the sheep saved it from
53the sheep, and brought it up to me, and caused it to dwell there. And many other sheep He sent
54to those sheep to testify unto them and lament over them. And after that I saw that when they forsook the house of the Lord and His tower they fell away entirely, and their eyes were blinded; and I saw the Lord of the sheep how He wrought much slaughter amongst them in their herds until
55those sheep invited that slaughter and betrayed His place. And He gave them over into the hands of the lions and tigers, and wolves and hyenas, and into the hand of the foxes, and to all the wild
56beasts, and those wild beasts began to tear in pieces those sheep. And I saw that He forsook that their house and their tower and gave them all into the hand of the lions, to tear and devour them,
57into the hand of all the wild beasts. And I began to cry aloud with all my power, and to appeal to the Lord of the sheep, and to represent to Him in regard to the sheep that they were devoured
58by all the wild beasts. But He remained unmoved, though He saw it, and rejoiced that they were devoured and swallowed and robbed, and left them to be devoured in the hand of all the beasts.
59And He called seventy shepherds, and cast those sheep to them that they might pasture them, and He spake to the shepherds and their companions: 'Let each individual of you pasture the sheep
60henceforward, and everything that I shall command you that do ye. And I will deliver them over unto you duly numbered, and tell you which of them are to be destroyed-and them destroy ye.' And
61He gave over unto them those sheep. And He called another and spake unto him: 'Observe and mark everything that the shepherds will do to those sheep; for they will destroy more of them than
62I have commanded them. And every excess and the destruction which will be wrought through the shepherds, record (namely) how many they destroy according to my command, and how many according to their own caprice: record against every individual shepherd all the destruction he
63effects. And read out before me by number how many they destroy, and how many they deliver over for destruction, that I may have this as a testimony against them, and know every deed of the shepherds, that I may comprehend and see what they do, whether or not they abide by my
64command which I have commanded them. But they shall not know it, and thou shalt not declare it to them, nor admonish them, but only record against each individual all the destruction which
65the shepherds effect each in his time and lay it all before me.' And I saw till those shepherds pastured in their season, and they began to slay and to destroy more than they were bidden, and they delivered
66those sheep into the hand of the lions. And the lions and tigers eat and devoured the greater part of those sheep, and the wild boars eat along with them; and they burnt that tower and demolished
67that house. And I became exceedingly sorrowful over that tower because that house of the sheep was demolished, and afterwards I was unable to see if those sheep entered that house.
LXXXIX.68-71. First Period of the Angelic Rulers -from the Destruction of Jerusalem to the Return from Captivity.
68And the shepherds and their associates delivered over those sheep to all the wild beasts, to devour them, and each one of them received in his time a definite number: it was written by the other
69in a book how many each one of them destroyed of them. And each one slew and destroyed many
70more than was prescribed; and I began to weep and lament on account of those sheep. And thus in the vision I saw that one who wrote, how he wrote down every one that was destroyed by those shepherds, day by day, and carried up and laid down and showed actually the whole book to the Lord of the sheep-(even) everything that they had done, and all that each one of them had made
71away with, and all that they had given over to destruction. And the book was read before the Lord of the sheep, and He took the book from his hand and read it and sealed it and laid it down.
LXXXIX.72-77. Second Period -from the Time of Cyrus to that of Alexander the Great.
72And forthwith I saw how the shepherds pastured for twelve hours, and behold three of those sheep turned back and came and entered and began to build up all that had fallen down of that
73house; but the wild boars tried to hinder them, but they were not able. And they began again to build as before, and they reared up that tower, and it was named the high tower; and they began again to place a table before the tower, but all the bread on it was polluted and not pure.
74And as touching all this the eyes of those sheep were blinded so that they saw not, and (the eyes of) their shepherds likewise; and they delivered them in large numbers to their shepherds for
75destruction, and they trampled the sheep with their feet and devoured them. And the Lord of the sheep remained unmoved till all the sheep were dispersed over the field and mingled with them (i.e. the
76beasts), and they (i.e. the shepherds) did not save them out of the hand of the beasts. And this one who wrote the book carried it up, and showed it and read it before the Lord of the sheep, and implored Him on their account, and besought Him on their account as he showed Him all the doings
77of the shepherds, and gave testimony before Him against all the shepherds. And he took the actual book and laid it down beside Him and departed.
XC.1-5. Third Period -from Alexander the Great to the Graeco-Syrian Domination.
1And I saw till that in this manner thirty-five shepherds undertook the pasturing (of the sheep), and they severally completed their periods as did the first; and others received them into their
2hands, to pasture them for their period, each shepherd in his own period. And after that I saw in my vision all the birds of heaven coming, the eagles, the vultures, the kites, the ravens; but the eagles led all the birds; and they began to devour those sheep, and to pick out their eyes and to
3devour their flesh. And the sheep cried out because their flesh was being devoured by the birds,
4and as for me I looked and lamented in my sleep over that shepherd who pastured the sheep. And I saw until those sheep were devoured by the dogs and eagles and kites, and they left neither flesh nor skin nor sinew remaining on them till only their bones stood there: and their bones too fell
5to the earth and the sheep became few. And I saw until that twenty-three had undertaken the pasturing and completed in their several periods fifty-eight times.
XC.6-12. Fourth Period -from the Graeco-Syrian Domination to the Maccabean Revolt.
6But behold lambs were borne by those white sheep, and they began to open their eyes and to see,
7and to cry to the sheep. Yea, they cried to them, but they did not hearken to what they said to 8 them, but were exceedingly deaf, and their eyes were very exceedingly blinded. And I saw in the vision how the ravens flew upon those lambs and took one of those lambs, and dashed the sheep
9in pieces and devoured them. And I saw till horns grew upon those lambs, and the ravens cast down their horns; and I saw till there sprouted a great horn of one of those sheep, and their eyes
10were opened. And it looked at them [and their eyes opened], and it cried to the sheep, and the
11rams saw it and all ran to it. And notwithstanding all this those eagles and vultures and ravens and kites still kept tearing the sheep and swooping down upon them and devouring them: still the
12sheep remained silent, but the rams lamented and cried out. And those ravens fought and battled with it and sought to lay low its horn, but they had no power over it.
XC.13-19. The last Assault of the Gentiles on the Jews (where vv. 13-15 and 16-18 are doublets).
19And I saw till a great sword was given to the sheep, and the sheep proceeded against all the beasts of the field to slay them, and all the beasts and the birds of the heaven fled before their face.
XC.20-27. Judgement of the Fallen Angels, the Shepherds, and the Apostates.
20And I saw till a throne was erected in the pleasant land, and the Lord of the sheep sat Himself thereon, and the other took the sealed books and opened those books before the Lord of the sheep.
21And the Lord called those men the seven first white ones, and commanded that they should bring before Him, beginning with the first star which led the way, all the stars whose privy members
22were like those of horses, and they brought them all before Him. And He said to that man who wrote before Him, being one of those seven white ones, and said unto him: 'Take those seventy shepherds to whom I delivered the sheep, and who taking them on their own authority slew more
23than I commanded them.' And behold they were all bound, I saw, and they all stood before Him.
24And the judgement was held first over the stars, and they were judged and found guilty, and went to the place of condemnation, and they were cast into an abyss, full of fire and flaming, and full
25of pillars of fire. And those seventy shepherds were judged and found guilty, and they were cast
26into that fiery abyss. And I saw at that time how a like abyss was opened in the midst of the earth, full of fire, and they brought those blinded sheep, and they were all judged and found guilty and
27cast into this fiery abyss, and they burned; now this abyss was to the right of that house. And I saw those sheep burning and their bones burning.
XC.28-42. The New Jerusalem, the Conversion of the surviving Gentiles, the Resurrection of the Righteous, the Messiah. Enoch awakes and weeps.
28And I stood up to see till they folded up that old house; and carried off all the pillars, and all the beams and ornaments of the house were at the same time folded up with it, and they carried
29it off and laid it in a place in the south of the land. And I saw till the Lord of the sheep brought a new house greater and loftier than that first, and set it up in the place of the first which had beer folded up: all its pillars were new, and its ornaments were new and larger than those of the first, the old one which He had taken away, and all the sheep were within it.
30And I saw all the sheep which had been left, and all the beasts on the earth, and all the birds of the heaven, falling down and doing homage to those sheep and making petition to and obeying
31them in every thing. And thereafter those three who were clothed in white and had seized me by my hand [who had taken me up before], and the hand of that ram also seizing hold of me, they
32took me up and set me down in the midst of those sheep before the judgement took place. And those
33sheep were all white, and their wool was abundant and clean. And all that had been destroyed and dispersed, and all the beasts of the field, and all the birds of the heaven, assembled in that house, and the Lord of the sheep rejoiced with great joy because they were all good and had returned to
34His house. And I saw till they laid down that sword, which had been given to the sheep, and they brought it back into the house, and it was sealed before the presence of the Lord, and all the sheep
35were invited into that house, but it held them not. And the eyes of them all were opened, and they
36saw the good, and there was not one among them that did not see. And I saw that that house was large and broad and very full.
37And I saw that a white bull was born, with large horns and all the beasts of the field and all the
38birds of the air feared him and made petition to him all the time. And I saw till all their generations were transformed, and they all became white bulls; and the first among them became a lamb, and that lamb became a great animal and had great black horns on its head; and the Lord of the sheep
39rejoiced over it and over all the oxen. And I slept in their midst: and I awoke and saw everything.
40This is the vision which I saw while I slept, and I awoke and blessed the Lord of righteousness and
41gave Him glory. Then I wept with a great weeping and my tears stayed not till I could no longer endure it: when I saw, they flowed on account of what I had seen; for everything shall come and
42be fulfilled, and all the deeds of men in their order were shown to me. On that night I remembered the first dream, and because of it I wept and was troubled-because I had seen that vision.
Section V. XCI-CIV (i.e. XCII, XCI. 1-1O, 18-19, XCIII. 1-1O, XCI.
XCII, XCI.1-10, 18-19. Enoch's Book of Admonition for his Children.
1The book written by Enoch -[Enoch indeed wrote this complete doctrine of wisdom, (which is) praised of all men and a judge of all the earth] for all my children who shall dwell on the earth. And for the future generations who shall observe uprightness and peace.
2Let not your spirit be troubled on account of the times;
3And the righteous one shall arise from sleep,
4He will be gracious to the righteous and give him eternal
5And sin shall perish in darkness for ever,
XCI.1-10, 18-19. Enoch's Admonition to his Children.
1'And now, my son Methuselah, call to me all thy brothers
2And thereupon Methuselah went and summoned to him all his brothers and assembled his relatives.
3And he spake unto all the children of righteousness and said:
'Hear, ye sons of Enoch, all the words of your father,
4Love uprightness and walk therein.
But walk in righteousness, my sons.
5For I know that violence must increase on the earth,
Yea, it shall be cut off from its roots,
6And unrighteousness shall again be consummated on the earth,
7And when sin and unrighteousness and blasphemy
A great chastisement shall come from heaven upon all these,
8In those days violence shall be cut off from its roots,
9And all the idols of the heathen shall be abandoned,
And they (i.e. the heathen) shall be cast into the judgement of fire,
10And the righteous shall arise from their sleep,
11[And after that the roots of unrighteousness shall be cut off, and the sinners shall be destroyed by the sword ... shall be cut off from the blasphemers in every place, and those who plan violence and those who commit blasphemy shall perish by the sword.]
18And now I tell you, my sons, and show you
19And now, hearken unto me, my sons,
XCIII, XCI.12-17. The Apocalypse of Weeks.
1,2And after that Enoch both gave and began to recount from the books. And Enoch said:
'Concerning the children of righteousness and concerning the elect of
According to that which appeared to me in the heavenly vision,
3And Enoch began to recount from the books and said:
4And after me there shall arise in the second week great wickedness,
And in it a man shall be saved;
5And after that in the third week at its close
6And after that in the fourth week, at its close,
7And after that in the fifth week, at its close,
8And after that in the sixth week all who live in it shall be
And in it a man shall ascend;
9And after that in the seventh week shall an apostate generation
10And at its close shall be elected
11[For who is there of all the children of men that is able to hear the voice of the Holy One without being troubled? And who can think His thoughts? and who is there that can behold all the works
12of heaven? And how should there be one who could behold the heaven, and who is there that could understand the things of heaven and see a soul or a spirit and could tell thereof, or ascend and see
13all their ends and think them or do like them? And who is there of all men that could know what is the breadth and the length of the earth, and to whom has been shown the measure of all of them?
14Or is there any one who could discern the length of the heaven and how great is its height, and upon what it is founded, and how great is the number of the stars, and where all the luminaries rest?]
XCI.12-17. The Last Three Weeks.
12And after that there shall be another, the eighth week, that of
13And at its close they shall acquire houses through their
14dAnd all mankind shall look to the path of uprightness.
14aAnd after that, in the ninth week, the righteous judgement shall be revealed to the whole world,
bAnd all the works of the godless shall vanish from all the earth,
cAnd the world shall be written down for destruction.
15And after this, in the tenth week in the seventh part,
16And the first heaven shall depart and pass away,
17And after that there will be many weeks without number for ever,
XCIV.1-5. Admonitions to the Righteous.
1And now I say unto you, my sons, love righteousness and walk
2And to certain men of a generation shall the paths of violence and
of death be revealed,
3And now I say unto you the righteous:
4But seek and choose for yourselves righteousness and an elect life,
5And hold fast my words in the thoughts of your hearts,
For I know that sinners will tempt men to evilly-entreat wisdom,
XCIV.6-11. Woes for the Sinners.
6Woe to those who build unrighteousness and oppression
7Woe to those who build their houses with sin;
8Woe to you, ye rich, for ye have trusted in your riches,
9Ye have committed blasphemy and unrighteousness,
10Thus I speak and declare unto you:
11And your righteous ones in those days shall be
XCV. Enoch's Grief: fresh Woes against the Sinners.
1Oh that mine eyes were [a cloud of] waters
2Who has permitted you to practice reproaches and wickedness?
3Fear not the sinners, ye righteous;
4Woe to you who fulminate anathemas which cannot be reversed:
5Woe to you who requite your neighbour with evil;
6Woe to you, lying witnesses,
7Woe to you, sinners, for ye persecute the righteous;
XCVI. Grounds of Hopefulness for the Righteous: Woes for the Wicked.
1Be hopeful, ye righteous; for suddenly shall the sinners perish
2[And in the day of the tribulation of the sinners,
3Wherefore fear not, ye that have suffered;
4Woe unto you, ye sinners, for your riches make you appear like the
5Woe to you who devour the finest of the wheat,
6Woe to you who drink water from every fountain,
7Woe to you who work unrighteousness
8Woe to you, ye mighty,
In those days many and good days shall come to the righteous -in the day of your judgement.
XCVII. The Evils in Store for Sinners and the Possessors of Unrighteous Wealth.
1Believe, ye righteous, that the sinners will become a shame
2Be it known unto you (ye sinners) that the Most High is mindful of
3What will ye do, ye sinners,
4Yea, ye shall fare like unto them,
5And in those days the prayer of the righteous shall reach unto the
6And all the words of your unrighteousness shall be read out before
the Great Holy One,
7Woe to you, ye sinners, who live on the mid ocean and on the dry
8Woe to you who acquire silver and gold in unrighteousness and say:
9And now let us do what we purposed:
9cAnd many are the husbandmen in our houses."
9dAnd our granaries are (brim) full as with water,
10Yea and like water your lies shall flow away;
For ye have acquired it all in unrighteousness,
XCVIII. Self-indulgence of Sinners: Sin originated by Man: all Sin recorded in Heaven: Woes for the Sinners.
1And now I swear unto you, to the wise and to the foolish,
2For ye men shall put on more adornments than a woman,
3Therefore they shall be wanting in doctrine and wisdom,
4I have sworn unto you, ye sinners, as a mountain has not become a
5And barrenness has not been given to the woman,
6I have sworn unto you, ye sinners, by the Holy Great One,
7And do not think in your spirit nor say in your heart that ye do not know and that ye do not see
8that every sin is every day recorded in heaven in the presence of the Most High. From henceforthye know that all your oppression wherewith ye oppress is written down every day till the day of your judgement.
9Woe to you, ye fools, for through your folly shall ye perish: and ye transgress against the wise,
10and so good hap shall not be your portion. And now, know ye that ye are prepared for the day of destruction: wherefore do not hope to live, ye sinners, but ye shall depart and die; for ye know no ransom; for ye are prepared for the day of the great judgement, for the day of tribulation and great shame for your spirits.
11Woe to you, ye obstinate of heart, who work wickedness and eat blood: Whence have ye good things to eat and to drink and to be filled? From all the good things which the Lord the Most High has placed in abundance on the earth; therefore ye shall have no peace.
12Woe to you who love the deeds of unrighteousness: wherefore do ye hope for good hap unto yourselves? know that ye shall be delivered into the hands of the righteous, and they shall cut
13off your necks and slay you, and have no mercy upon you. Woe to you who rejoice in the tribulation
14of the righteous; for no grave shall be dug for you. Woe to you who set at nought the words of
15the righteous; for ye shall have no hope of life. Woe to you who write down lying and godless words; for they write down their lies that men may hear them and act godlessly towards (their)
16neighbour. Therefore they shall have no peace but die a sudden death.
XCIX. Woes pronounced on the Godless, the Lawbreakers: evil Plight of Sinners in The Last Days: further Woes.
1Woe to you who work godlessness,
2Woe to them who pervert the words of uprightness,
3In those days make ready, ye righteous, to raise your prayers as a
4In those days the nations shall be stirred up,
5And in those days the destitute shall go forth and carry off their
6,7And again I swear to you, ye sinners, that sin is prepared for a day of unceasing bloodshed. And they who worship stones, and grave images of gold and silver and wood (and stone) and clay, and those who worship impure spirits and demons, and all kinds of idols not according to knowledge, shall get no manner of help from them.
8And they shall become godless by reason of the folly of their
9Through these they shall become godless and fearful;
10But in those days blessed are all they who accept the words of
wisdom, and understand them,
11Woe to you who spread evil to your neighbours;
12Woe to you who make deceitful and false measures,
13Woe to you who build your houses through the grievous toil of
14Woe to them who reject the measure and eternal heritage of their
15Woe to them who work unrighteousness and help oppression,
16For He shall cast down your glory,
C. The Sinners destroy each other: Judgement of the Fallen Angels: the Safety of the Righteous: further Woes for the Sinners.
1And in those days in one place the fathers together with their sons
shall be smitten
2For a man shall not withhold his hand from slaying his sons and his
3And the horse shall walk up to the breast in the blood of sinners,
4In those days the angels shall descend into the secret places
5And over all the righteous and holy He will appoint guardians from
amongst the holy angels
6And (then) the children of the earth shall see the wise in security,
7Woe to you, Sinners, on the day of strong anguish,
8Woe to you, ye obstinate of heart,
9Woe to you, ye sinners, on account of the words of your mouth,
10And now, know ye that from the angels He will inquire as to your deeds in heaven, from the sun and from the moon and from the stars in reference to your sins because upon the earth ye execute
11judgement on the righteous. And He will summon to testify against you every cloud and mist and dew and rain; for they shall all be withheld because of you from descending upon you, and they
12shall be mindful of your sins. And now give presents to the rain that it be not withheld from descending upon you, nor yet the dew, when it has received gold and silver from you that it may descend.
13When the hoar-frost and snow with their chilliness, and all the snow-storms with all their plagues fall upon you, in those days ye shall not be able to stand before them.
CI. Exhortation to the fear of God: all Nature fears Him but not the Sinners.
1Observe the heaven, ye children of heaven, and every work of the Most High, and fear ye Him
2and work no evil in His presence. If He closes the windows of heaven, and withholds the rain and
3the dew from descending on the earth on your account, what will ye do then? And if He sends His anger upon you because of your deeds, ye cannot petition Him; for ye spake proud and insolent
4words against His righteousness: therefore ye shall have no peace. And see ye not the sailors of the ships, how their ships are tossed to and fro by the waves, and are shaken by the winds, and are
5in sore trouble? And therefore do they fear because all their goodly possessions go upon the sea with them, and they have evil forebodings of heart that the sea will swallow them and they will
6perish therein. Are not the entire sea and all its waters, and all its movements, the work of the Most
7High, and has He not set limits to its doings, and confined it throughout by the sand? And at His reproof it is afraid and dries up, and all its fish die and all that is in it; But ye sinners that are
8on the earth fear Him not. Has He not made the heaven and the earth, and all that is therein? Who has given understanding and wisdom to everything that moves on the earth and in the sea.
9Do not the sailors of the ships fear the sea? Yet sinners fear not the Most High.
CII. Terrors of the Day of Judgement: the adverse Fortunes of the Righteous on the Earth.
1In those days when He hath brought a grievous fire upon you,
2And all the luminaries shall be affrighted with great fear,
3And all the angels shall execute their commands
4Fear ye not, ye souls of the righteous,
5And grieve not if your soul into Sheol has descended in grief,
6And yet when ye die the sinners speak over you:
7Behold, even as we, so do they die in grief and darkness,
8And what will they receive and what will they see for ever?
9I tell you, ye sinners, ye are content to eat and drink, and rob and sin, and strip men naked, and
10acquire wealth and see good days. Have ye seen the righteous how their end falls out, that no manner
11of violence is found in them till their death? "Nevertheless they perished and became as though they had not been, and their spirits descended into Sheol in tribulation."
CIII. Different Destinies of the Righteous and the Sinners: fresh Objections of the Sinners.
1Now, therefore, I swear to you, the righteous, by the glory of the Great and Honoured and
2Mighty One in dominion, and by His greatness I swear to you.
I know a mystery
3That all goodness and joy and glory are prepared for them,
4And the spirits of you who have died in righteousness shall live and
5Woe to you, ye sinners, when ye have died,
6And how they have died in prosperity and in wealth,
7Know ye, that their souls will be made to descend into Sheol
8And into darkness and chains and a burning flame where there is
grievous judgement shall your spirits enter;
9Say not in regard to the righteous and good who are in life:
10And we have been destroyed and have not found any to help us even
with a word:
11We hoped to be the head and have become the tail:
12They have had dominion over us that hated us and smote us;
13We desired to get away from them that we might escape and be at
14And are complained to the rulers in our tribulation,
15And they helped those who robbed us and devoured us and those who made us few; and they concealed their oppression, and they did not remove from us the yoke of those that devoured us and dispersed us and murdered us, and they concealed their murder, and remembered not that they had lifted up their hands against us.
CIV. Assurances given to the Righteous: Admonitions to Sinners and the Falsifiers of the Words of Uprightness.
1I swear unto you, that in heaven the angelsremember you for good before the glory of the Great
2One: and your names are written before the glory of the Great One. Be hopeful; for aforetime ye were put to shame through ill and affliction; but now ye shall shine as the lights of heaven,
3ye shall shine and ye shall be seen, and the portals of heaven shall be opened to you. And in your cry, cry for judgement, and it shall appear to you; for all your tribulation shall be visited on the
4rulers, and on all who helped those who plundered you. Be hopeful, and cast not away your hope;
5for ye shall have great joy as the angels of heaven. What shall ye be obliged to do? Ye shall not have to hide on the day of the great judgement and ye shall not be found as sinners, and the eternal
6judgement shall be far from you for all the generations of the world. And now fear not, ye righteous, when ye see the sinners growing strong and prospering in their ways: be not companions with them,
7but keep afar from their violence; for ye shall become companions of the hosts of heaven. And, although ye sinners say: "All our sins shall not be searched out and be written down," nevertheless
8they shall write down all your sins every day. And now I show unto you that light and darkness,
9day and night, see all your sins. Be not godless in your hearts, and lie not and alter not the words of uprightness, nor charge with lying the words of the Holy Great One, nor take account of your
10idols; for all your lying and all your godlessness issue not in righteousness but in great sin. And now I know this mystery, that sinners will alter and pervert the words of righteousness in many ways, and will speak wicked words, and lie, and practice great deceits, and write books concerning
11their words. But when they write down truthfully all my words in their languages, and do not change or minish ought from my words but write them all down truthfully -all that I first testified
12concerning them. Then, I know another mystery, that books will be given to the righteous and the
13wise to become a cause of joy and uprightness and much wisdom. And to them shall the books be given, and they shall believe in them and rejoice over them, and then shall all the righteous who have learnt therefrom all the paths of uprightness be recompensed.'
CV. God and the Messiah to dwell with Man.
1In those days the Lord bade (them) to summon and testify to the children of earth concerning their wisdom: Show (it) unto them; for ye are their guides, and a recompense over the whole earth.
2For I and My son will be united with them for ever in the paths of uprightness in their lives; and ye shall have peace: rejoice, ye children of uprightness. Amen.
Fragment of the Book of Noah
1And after some days my son Methuselah took a wife for his son Lamech, and she became
2pregnant by him and bore a son. And his body was white as snow and red as the blooming of a rose, and the hair of his head and his long locks were white as wool, and his eyes beautiful. And when he opened his eyes, he lighted up the whole house like the sun, and the whole house
3was very bright. And thereupon he arose in the hands of the midwife, opened his mouth, and conversed with the Lord of righteousness.
4And his father Lamech was afraid of him and
5fled, and came to his father Methuselah. And he said unto him: 'I have begotten a strange son, diverse from and unlike man, and resembling the sons of the God of heaven; and his nature is different and he is not like us, and his eyes are as the rays of the sun, and his
6countenance is glorious. And it seems to me that he is not sprung from me but from the angels, and I fear that in his days a wonder may be
7wrought on the earth. And now, my father, I am here to petition thee and implore thee that thou mayest go to Enoch, our father, and learn from him the truth, for his dwelling-place is
8amongst the angels.' And when Methuselah heard the words of his son, he came to me to the ends of the earth; for he had heard that I was there, and he cried aloud, and I heard his voice and I came to him. And I said unto him: 'Behold, here am I, my son, wherefore hast
9thou come to me?' And he answered and said: 'Because of a great cause of anxiety have I come to thee, and because of a disturbing vision
10have I approached. And now, my father, hear me: unto Lamech my son there hath been born a son, the like of whom there is none, and his nature is not like man's nature, and the colour of his body is whiter than snow and redder than the bloom of a rose, and the hair of his head is whiter than white wool, and his eyes are like the rays of the sun, and he opened his eyes and
11thereupon lighted up the whole house. And he arose in the hands of the midwife, and opened
12his mouth and blessed the Lord of heaven. And his father Lamech became afraid and fled to me, and did not believe that he was sprung from him, but that he was in the likeness of the angels of heaven; and behold I have come to thee that thou mayest make known to me the truth.'
13And I, Enoch, answered and said unto him: 'The Lord will do a new thing on the earth, and this I have already seen in a vision, and make known to thee that in the generation of my father Jared some of the angels of heaven
14transgressed the word of the Lord. And behold they commit sin and transgress the law, and have united themselves with women and commit sin with them, and have married some of them,
17and have begot children by them. And they shall produce on the earth giants not according to the spirit, but according to the flesh, and there shall be a great punishment on the earth, and the
15earth shall be cleansed from all impurity. Yea, there shall come a great destruction over the whole earth, and there shall be a deluge and
16a great destruction for one year. And this son who has been born unto you shall be left on the earth, and his three children shall be saved with him: when all mankind that are on the earth
18shall die [he and his sons shall be saved]. And now make known to thy son Lamech that he who has been born is in truth his son, and call his name Noah; for he shall be left to you, and he and his sons shall be saved from the destruction, which shall come upon the earth on account of all the sin and all the unrighteousness, which shall be consummated on the earth in his days.
19And after that there shall be still more unrighteousness than that which was first consummated on the earth; for I know the mysteries of the holy ones; for He, the Lord, has showed me and informed me, and I have read (them) in the heavenly tablets.
1And I saw written on them that generation upon generation shall transgress, till a generation of righteousness arises, and transgression is destroyed and sin passes away from the earth, and all
2manner of good comes upon it. And now, my son, go and make known to thy son Lamech that this
3son, which has been born, is in truth his son, and that (this) is no lie.' And when Methuselah had heard the words of his father Enoch --for he had shown to him everything in secret-- he returned and showed (them) to him and called the name of that son Noah; for he will comfort the earth after all the destruction.
1Another book which Enoch wrote for his son Methuselah and for those who will come after him,
2and keep the law in the last days. Ye who have done good shall wait for those days till an end is
3made of those who work evil; and an end of the might of the transgressors. And wait ye indeed till sin has passed away, for their names shall be blotted out of the book of life and out of the holy books, and their seed shall be destroyed for ever, and their spirits shall be slain, and they shall cry and make lamentation in a place that is a chaotic wilderness, and in the fire shall they
4burn; for there is no earth there. And I saw there something like an invisible cloud; for by reason of its depth I could not look over, and I saw a flame of fire blazing brightly, and things like shining
5mountains circling and sweeping to and fro. And I asked one of the holy angels who was with me and said unto him: 'What is this shining thing? for it is not a heaven but only the flame of a blazing
6fire, and the voice of weeping and crying and lamentation and strong pain.' And he said unto me: 'This place which thou seest-here are cast the spirits of sinners and blasphemers, and of those who work wickedness, and of those who pervert everything that the Lord hath spoken through the mouth
7of the prophets -(even) the things that shall be. For some of them are written and inscribed above in the heaven, in order that the angels may read them and know that which shall befall the sinners, and the spirits of the humble, and of those who have afflicted their bodies, and been recompensed
8by God; and of those who have been put to shame by wicked men: Who love God and loved neither gold nor silver nor any of the good things which are in the world, but gave over their bodies to
9torture. Who, since they came into being, longed not after earthly food, but regarded everything as a passing breath, and lived accordingly, and the Lord tried them much, and their spirits were
10found pure so that they should bless His name. And all the blessings destined for them I have recounted in the books. And he hath assigned them their recompense, because they have been found to be such as loved heaven more than their life in the world, and though they were trodden under foot of wicked men, and experienced abuse and reviling from them and were put to shame,
11yet they blessed Me. And now I will summon the spirits of the good who belong to the generation of light, and I will transform those who were born in darkness, who in the flesh were not recompensed
12with such honour as their faithfulness deserved. And I will bring forth in shining light those who
13have loved My holy name, and I will seat each on the throne of his honour. And they shall be resplendent for times without number; for righteousness is the judgement of God; for to the faithful
14He will give faithfulness in the habitation of upright paths. And they shall see those who were
15born in darkness led into darkness, while the righteous shall be resplendent. And the sinners shall cry aloud and see them resplendent, and they indeed will go where days and seasons are prescribed for them.